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Economic and financial data for Germany

Date of latest update: 15 March 2019

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The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Germany has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.


  • Real Sector (National Accounts | Production index | Employment/Unemployment | Wages/Earnings | Consumer prices | producer prices)
  • Fiscal Sector (General Government Operations | General Government Gross Debt | Central Government Operations | Central Government Debt)
  • Financial Sector (Depository corporations survey | Central Bank survey | Other Financial Corporations Survey | Financial Soundness Indicators | Debt securities | Interest rates | Stock market)
  • External Sector (Balance of payments | International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity | Merchandise trade | International Investment Position | External debt | Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey | Coordinated Direct Investment Survey | Currency Composition of Foreign | Exchange Reserves | Exchange rates)
  • Population


Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

Economic and financial data for Germany
SDDS Plus Data Category and ComponentUnit Descrip­tionObservations % Change from previous period to latest period% Change from same period last year to latest periodMore information
Period of latest dataLatest dataData for previous periodTime seriesSDMX-Files

1a Seasonally and calendar-adjusted (Census-X12-ARIMA).

1b Calendar-adjusted (X13 JDemetra+).

1c Seasonally adjusted data (Census-X12-ARIMA).

2 Persons with place of residence in Germany.

3a Persons in private households aged 15 to 74 years, German Labour Force Survey.

3b Registered unemployed persons, Federal Labour Office, Germany.

4 Without extra payments.

5 (-) debt repayment; (+) borrowing.

6 From 2005 including cumulative assumption of FDE/LAG debt (German Unity Fund/Equalisation of Burdens Fund).

7 Data are not seasonally adjusted. Whilst latest data are deemed provisional, data for previous periods are final (if no substantial revisions were to occur).

9 Refers to assets vis-à-vis non-euro-area residents.

10 Refers to liabilities to non-euro-area residents.

11 Refers to banknotes in circulation and the following deposits of euro-area MFIs held with the Deutsche Bundesbank, denominated in euro: "current accounts (covering the minimum reserve system)", "deposit facility", "fixed-term deposits", "fine-tuning reverse operations" and "deposits related to margin calls".

12 The Bundesbank is not allowed to grant credit to the public sector; the amounts shown in this category refer to "grandfathered"equalisation claims originating from the German currency reform in 1948.

13 Credit to the private sector is restricted to financial sector counterparties; there is no credit to non-financial (public) enterprises.

14 Refers to claims on non-euro area residents.

15 The data can be accessed by clicking on 'Auction result - Treasury discount paper (Unverzinsliche Schatzanweisungen "Bubills") of the Federal Republic of Germany' provided under 'Current press releases on Federal securities'.

16 End-of-period figures.

17 The Deutsche Bundesbank publishes the DAX index on a monthly basis only. More frequently updated data can be obtained from other sources.

18 Whilst the latest data are deemed provisional, data for previous periods are final unless substantial revisions occur. Furthermore, the data referring to the latest four years are revised every year in March.

19 Quoting percentage changes in net flows is not meaningful.

20 Including employee stock options.

21 Reserves are defined as foreign currency denominated claims on non-euro area residents plus gold, holdings of SDRs and the reserve position in the Fund.

22 Quoting percentage changes in (net) balances is not meaningful.

23 A quarterly IIP is being published from September 2005 onwards.

24 External Debt presents only a fraction of the overall financial relationships of Germany with other countries and is more than offset by Germany's external assets.

p Preliminary results.

r Revised figures.

. = numerical value unknown or not to be disclosed

- = no figures or magnitude zero, no further information

X = cell blocked for logical reasons

REAL SECTOR
National Accounts 1a
Gross domestic productEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q4/18853.913851.231+0.3+2.6DestatisSDMX
Private final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q4/18447.726444.455+0.7+2.2
Government final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q4/18169.316165.418+2.4+4.4
Gross fixed capital formationEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q4/18180.547177.394+1.8+6.3
Exports of goods and servicesEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q4/18402.995398.958+1.0+2.0
Imports of goods and servicesEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q4/18349.607346.044+1.0+5.9
Gross domestic productEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q4/18744.783744.654±0.0+0.6
Private final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q4/18402.977402.109+0.2+0.5
Government final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q4/18143.971141.665+1.6+1.7

Gross fixed capital formation

Euro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q4/18154.177152.735+0.9+3.0

Exports of goods and services

Euro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q4/18374.090371.664+0.7+0.3
Imports of goods and servicesEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q4/18331.003328.589+0.7+3.2
Sectoral Balance SheetsDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Production Index in production industries 1b p2015=100Jan/1992.5101.5-8.9-3.3DestatisSDMX
Employment 1c 21,000Jan/1945,00744,929+0.2X DestatisSDMX
Unemployment (ILO concept) 3amillionJan/191,471,34+9.7-4.5DestatisSDMX
Unemployment (national concept) 3b 1,000Feb/192,3732,406-1.4-6.8DestatisSDMX
Index of agreed monthly earnings 42015=100Q4/18109.0108.2+0.7+3.2DestatisSDMX
Consumer price index2015=100Feb/19103.8103.4+0.4+1.5DestatisSDMX
Index of producer prices of industrial products (domestic sale)2015=100Jan/19105.1104.7+0.4+2.6DestatisSDMX
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations
Transactions affecting net worthDestatisSDMX
RevenueEuro millionsQ3/18371,902392,138X +4.45
TaxesEuro millionsQ3/18190,261206,450X +3.89
Social contributionsEuro millionsQ3/18140,263141,636X +4.23
GrantsEuro millionsQ3/189,3599,553X +20.03
Other revenueEuro millionsQ3/1832,01934,499X +4.80
ExpensesEuro millionsQ3/18344,247342,427X +4.05
Compensation of emloyeesEuro millionsQ3/1861,29261,406X +3.04
Use of goods and servicesEuro millionsQ3/1840,09738,583X +5.72
Consumption of fixed capitalEuro millionsQ3/1817,94017,763X ±0.00
InterestEuro millionsQ3/187,4178,558X -1.04
SubsidiesEuro millionsQ3/186,3126,481X -0.14
GrantsEuro millionsQ3/1826,96227,946X +13.21
Social benefitsEuro millionsQ3/18202,116199,413X +3.25
Other expensesEuro millionsQ3/18-17,889-17,723X +0.02
Net/gross operating balanceEuro millionsQ3/1827,65549,711X X
Transactions in nonfinancial assets
Net acquisition of nonfinancial assetsEuro millionsQ3/1820,50419,579X +6.80
Fixed assetsEuro millionsQ3/1821,03919,376X +6.91
Change in inventoriesEuro millionsQ3/18-1657X +19.57
ValuablesEuro millionsQ3/1841472X X
Nonproduced assetsEuro millionsQ3/18-411-276X +20.18
Net lending/ borrowingEuro millionsQ3/187,15130,132X X
Transactions in financial assets and liablilities (Financing)
Net acquisition of financial assetsEuro millionsQ3/186,76813,177X X
DomesticEuro millionsQ3/1811,41418,719X X
ForeignEuro millionsQ3/18-4,646-5,542X X
Net incurrence of liabilitiesEuro millionsQ3/18-383-16,955X X
DomesticEuro millionsQ3/184131,021X X
ForeignEuro millionsQ3/18-796-17,976X X
General Government Gross DebtDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Central Government Operations
RevenueEuro billionsJan/1920.7347.6-94.0-8.0Federal Ministry of FinanceSDMX
ExpenditureEuro billionsJan/1940.3336.7-88.0+4.1
Balance. Deficit/SurplusEuro billionsJan/19-19.610.9-279.8+21.7
FinancingEuro billionsJan/1919.6-10.9-279.8+21.7
Cash shortfallEuro billionsJan/19-72.1±0.0±0.0+37.3
Adjusted for revenue of coinEuro billionsJan/19-0.10.3-133.3±0.0
Net borrowing/Current financial market balance5Euro billionsJan/19-52.4±0.0±0.0+44.8
Central Government Debt
Federal market resources6 Euro
billions
Jan/191,073.71,070.2+0.3-1.0Federal Ministry of FinanceSDMX
Residual maturity
short term (up to 1 year)Euro
billions
Jan/19158.6150.5+5.4-4.1
medium term (1 to 4 years)Euro
billions
Jan/19317.6330.7-4.0-6.1

long term (over 4 years)

Euro
billions
Jan/19597.5589.0+1.4+2.9
Debt guaranteed by central governmentEuro
billions
Q4/18474.9467.6+1.6+0.7
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Depository corporations survey 7 SDMX
Money Stock M1 (from 2002, excluding currency in circulation)/ German contribution to the Euro Area. . . . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Money Stock M2 (from 2002, excluding currency in circulation)/ German contribution to the Euro Area. . . . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Money Stock M3 (from 2002, excluding currency in circulation)/ German contribution to the Euro Area. . . . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Domestic credit to General government / German contribution to the Euro AreaEuro billionsJan/19966.9963.7+0.3-0.6Deutsche Bundes­bank
Domestic credit to the rest of the domestic economy / German contribution to the Euro AreaEuro billionsJan/193,366.53,353.6+0.4+3.8Deutsche Bundes­bank
Assets vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/ German contribution to the Euro Area 9 Euro billionsJan/191,232.71,208.5+2.0+4.8Deutsche Bundes­bank
Liabilities vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/German contribution to the Euro Area 10 Euro billionsJan/19920.8967.9-4.9-1.2Deutsche Bundes­bank
Central bank survey 7 (Monthly financial statement of the Deutsche Bundesbank)SDMX
Reserve money/ German contribution to the Euro Area 11 Euro billionsFeb/19945.4922.9+2.4-0.4Deutsche Bundes­bank
Domestic credit to General government / German contribution to the Euro Area 12 Euro billionsFeb/194.44.4±0.0±0.0Deutsche Bundes­bank
Domestic credit to the rest of the domestic economy / German contribution to the Euro Area 13 Euro billionsFeb/1996.496.5-0.1-1.7Deutsche Bundes­bank
Assets vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/ German contribution to the Euro Area 14 Euro billionsFeb/1956.957.9-1.8+9.8Deutsche Bundes­bank
Liabilities vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/German contribution to the Euro Area 10Euro billionsFeb/19154.1173.6-11.3-5.2Deutsche Bundes­bank
Ofher Financial Corporations Survey

Deutsche Bundes­bank

Transition plan

-
Financial Soundness Indicators (FSIs)-
Regulatory tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets (RWA)Deutsche Bundes­bank
Transition plan
Regulatory tier 1 capital to assetsDeutsche Bundes­bank
Transition plan
Nonperforming loans (NPLs) net of provisions to capitalDeutsche Bundes­bank
Transition plan
Nonperforming loans to total gross loansDeutsche Bundes­bank
Transition plan
Return on assetsDeutsche Bundes­bank
Transition plan
Liquid assets to short-term liabilities (or equivalent under the Basel Accords)Deutsche Bundes­bank
Transition plan
Residential real estate pricesDestatisSDMX
House price index2015=100Q3/18117.7115.3+2.1+5.4
Price index for purchases of new dwellings2015=100Q3/18115.5113.1+2.1+5.6
Price index for purchases of existing dwellings2015=100Q3/18118.1115.7+2.1+5.4
Debt SecuritiesDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Interest ratesDeutsche Bundes­bank-
Policy variable rates%, annual rateCurrent rates
- Main refinancing interest rate (Eurosystem)
- Deposit facility (Eurosystem)
- Marginal lending facility rate (Eurosystem)
Short-term treasury discount papers 15%, effective rate. . . . -
Long-term government bond yields %, annual rate. . . . -

Stock market: DAX 16 17

1987 = 1,000Feb/1911,515.6411,173.10. . Deutsche Börse AG,
Frankfurt / Main
-
Deutsche Bundes­bank
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of PaymentsSDMX
Current account (net) 18 19 Euro millionsJan/19+18,329+23,134. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Exports of goods 18Euro millionsJan/19108,54994,735+14.6+2.6Deutsche Bundes­bank
Imports of goods 18Euro millionsJan/1993,48281,337+14.9+5.9Deutsche Bundes­bank
Exports of services 18Euro millionsJan/1922,48828,579-21.3-1.9Deutsche Bundes­bank
Imports of services 18Euro millionsJan/1923,40226,792-12.7+0.4Deutsche Bundes­bank
Primary income (credit) 18 Euro millionsJan/1917,37923,399-25.7+1.5Deutsche Bundes­bank
Primary income (debit) 18 Euro millionsJan/198,2119,010-8.9-0.5Deutsche Bundes­bank
Secondary income (credit) 18 Euro millionsJan/194,9625,535-10.4+4.1Deutsche Bundes­bank
Secondary income (debit) 18 Euro millionsJan/199,95511,975-16.9+1.7Deutsche Bundes­bank
Capital account (net) 18 19Euro millionsJan/19+2,152+2,779. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Capital account (credit) 18 Euro millionsJan/197,42810,357-28.3-11.2Deutsche Bundes­bank
Capital account (debit) 18 Euro millionsJan/195,2767,579-30.4+14.8Deutsche Bundes­bank
Financial account (net) 18 19Euro millionsJan/19+18,026+33,164. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Direct investment (abroad) 18 19Euro millionsJan/19+18,766+7,434. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Direct investment (in reporting country) 18 19 Euro millionsJan/19+3,121+9,004. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Portfolio investment (assets) 18 19Euro millionsJan/19+21,184-7,994. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Portfolio investment (liabilities) 18 19 Euro millionsJan/19+22,232-40,827. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Financial derivatives (net) 18 19 20Euro millionsJan/19+944-3,552. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Other investment (assets) 18 19Euro millionsJan/19-51,656+249. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Other investment (liabilities) 18 19 Euro millionsJan/19-53,982-5,221. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Reserve assets (net) 19 21Euro millionsJan/19+158-17. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
Errors and omissions (net) 18 19Euro millionsJan/19-2,454+7,252. . Deutsche Bundes­bank
International Reserves and Foreign Currency LiquiditySDMX
Official reserve assets (total, Gross) 21Euro millionsFeb/19178,016176,720+0.7+7.0Deutsche Bundes­bank
eign currency reservesEuro millionsFeb/1932,21731,999+0.7+3.4
IMF reserves positionEuro millionsFeb/195,5105,486+0.4+33.2
SDRs Euro millionsFeb/1914,49614,424+0.5+3.9
GoldEuro millionsFeb/19125,793124,811+0.8+7.4
Other reserve assetsEuro millionsFeb/19. . . .
Reserves templateEuro millionsFeb/19178,016176,720+0.7+7.0Deutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Merchandise trade
Total exports (f.o.b.)Euro
millions
Jan/19108,85196,111+13.3+1.7DestatisSDMX
Total imports (c.i.f.)Euro
millions
Jan/1994,35681,764+15.4+5.0Destatis
International Investment Position
Quarterly International Investment
Position (net) 22 23 r
Euro
millions
Q3/182,002,0811,946,788. . Deutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
External Debt
External Debt 24 rEuro
millions
Q3/184,886,4384,882,750. . Deutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Coordinated Portfolio Investment SurveyDeutsche Bundes­bank
Participant in IMF CPIS
-
Coordinated Direct Investment SurveyDeutsche Bundes­bank
Participant in IMF CDIS
-
Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange ReservesDeutsche Bundes­bank
Participant in IMF COFER
-
Exchange ratesEuro foreign exchange reference rates -
POPULATION
Population p1,000Q3/1882,96982,887+0.1+0.3DestatisSDMX

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