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18th/19th century

First attempts to set up a permanent system of official statistics are made in Germany as early as in the 18th century in the form of collections of material for "descriptions of the life of the state and the people".´

In the 19th century, the first German states establish “statistical bureaus” or “central statistical agencies”, which later evolve into the statistical offices of the Länder.

  • Prussia (1805)
  • Bavaria (1808)
  • Württemberg (1820)


  • The Deutscher Zollverein (Federation of German states for customs and trade purposes) develops cross-state statistics (foreign trade, population censuses).


  • The "Imperial Statistical Office" is set up in the newly founded German Reich. It is subordinated to the Reich Ministry of the Interior and, in its capacity as central statistical agency, assumes responsibility also for the statistics of the Zollverein. Apart from that, the Office coordinates and harmonises many state statistics.

Additional Information

Key figures

The Federal Statistical Office 2017
Total staff (1.7.)


of whom in
Share of employees68%
Share of public officials30%
Share of apprentices2%
Proportion of women in total staff58%
Proportion of women in executive positions38%

Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden

Delivery address:
Statistisches Bundesamt
Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 11
D-65189 Wiesbaden

Phone: +49 611 75 2405
Fax: +49 611 72 4000
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Postal address:
Statistisches Bundesamt
D-65180 Wiesbaden

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Friday from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.

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