Life expectancy rises by a worldwide average of 20 years since 1960
According to the WHO, over the last 50 years life expectancy has increased worldwide by an average of about 20 years. Data from the World Bank indicate that between 1960 and 2014 the increase in life expectancy was particularly high in China (+32 years) and India (+27 years). The Russian Federation experienced one of the lowest increases in life expectancy (+4 years), while Germany’s increased by 12 years.
With such a gain, Germany achieved one of the highest average life expectancies (80.8 years) worldwide in 2014.The greatest life expectancy (83.5 years) belonged to Japan. In total, there were roughly 30 countries with values above 80 years.
More than 20 countries, all of which are situated in Africa, had a life expectancy of less than 60 years. This group includes South Africa, where average life expectancy reached just 57.2 years. The lowest value (48.9 years) worldwide was recorded in Swaziland. Alongside other reasons for such low values is the prevalence of HIV-infection in the region.