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International statistics

Research and development expenditure

Definition: Expenditures for research and development (R&D) are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.

Unit: % of GDP

Data source: UNESCO Insti­tute for Statistics

Link to the key table: Research and development expenditure (international comparison)

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