Gross electricity production in 2013: 24% came from renewable energy sources
The reform of the Renewable Energies Act planned by Economic Affairs Minister Sigmar Gabriel is strongly criticised by environmentalists. Protests are mainly aimed at plans to cap the expansion of renewable energies. The Renewable Energies Act entered into force on 1 April 2000 with the aim of promoting the use of regenerative energy sources by means of biogas, solar and wind power plants.
Approximately 634 billion kilowatt hours of electricity were produced in Germany in 2013, 24% of which came from renewable energy sources. While regenerative energy sources accounted for almost one quarter of total electricity production in 2013, their share amounted to only 7% in 2000. At the time, the most important renewable energy source had been water power (4%). In 2013, green electricity was generated mainly from wind power (8%), bio¬mass (7%) and photovoltaics (5%).
Under the transformation of the energy system, renewable energies are supposed to become the most important energy source in the long run. There are plans to increase their share in the gross electricity production in Germany to at least 80% by 2050. However, a fossil energy source, brown coal, was the major energy carrier in 2013. Together with hard coal, brown coal accounted for 45% of gross electricity production.