IN FOCUS / 2015-03-26
43% of electricity came from brown and hard coal in 2014
The German Federal Government intends to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% until 2020 from 1990. According to experts, this can only be done by shutting down old coal-fired power plants one by one.
In 2014 approximately 43% of the total gross electricity production was based on coal. This is a marked decrease from 1990 when brown and hard coal accounted for 57% of the power generated. In the past few years, gross electricity production from coal has gone up again: for example, power generation from hard coal rose from 108 to 109 billion kilowatt hours (+1%) compared with 2009, and electricity generation from brown coal increased from 146 to 156 billion kilowatt hours (+7%).
Coal still was the most important energy source in 2014 but the importance of renewable forms of energy is on the rise: while renewable energy sources had accounted for only just under 4% of total energy production in 1990, their share had risen to as much as 26% by 2014. Nuclear power, in contrast, is becoming less important: in 1990, 28% of the total gross electricity produced came from nuclear power plants but that figure was down to 16% by 2014.