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Energy statistics provide information on electricity and gas production and distribution, heat generation, energy consumption in industry, and hard coal imports.

Furthermore infra-annual (short-term) data are in place on the supplying industry and annual data (structural data) are provided on investments and cost structure in the supplying and disposing industries.

IN FOCUS / 2015-03-26

43% of electricity came from brown and hard coal in 2014

The German Federal Government intends to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% until 2020 from 1990. According to experts, this can only be done by shutting down old coal-fired power plants one by one.

In 2014 approximately 43% of the total gross electricity production was based on coal. This is a marked decrease from 1990 when brown and hard coal accounted for 57% of the power generated. In the past few years, gross electricity production from coal has gone up again: for example, power generation from hard coal rose from 108 to 109 billion kilowatt hours (+1%) compared with 2009, and electricity generation from brown coal increased from 146 to 156 billion kilowatt hours (+7%).

Coal still was the most important energy source in 2014 but the importance of renewable forms of energy is on the rise: while renewable energy sources had accounted for only just under 4% of total energy production in 1990, their share had risen to as much as 26% by 2014. Nuclear power, in contrast, is becoming less important: in 1990, 28% of the total gross electricity produced came from nuclear power plants but that figure was down to 16% by 2014.


Persons employed,
turnover, investment

Persons employed, turnover, investments

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Persons employed, turnover, investments

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Additional Information

Key figures

Gross electricity production 2014
Brown coal25.4%
Nuclear energy15.8%
Hard coal17.8%
Natural gas9.5%
Mineral oil products1.0%
Renewable energy sources26.2%
Other energy sources4.3%


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