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Energy

Theme in brief

Energy

On 1 January 2003, the Energy Statistics Law entered into force. Official energy statistics that had been based on several legal bases were combined under the new law and adjusted to the changed information needs of the users.


For information on the above and on the challenges faced by the system of official energy statistics through the permanently changing energy markets please refer to the papers (only in german) on energy .

In Focus

Gross electricity production

Gross electricity production in 2013: 24% came from renewable energy sources

The reform of the Renewable Energies Act planned by Economic Affairs Minister Sigmar Gabriel is strongly criticised by environmentalists. Protests are mainly aimed at plans to cap the expansion of renewable energies. The Renewable Energies Act entered into force on 1 April 2000 with the aim of promoting the use of regenerative energy sources by means of biogas, solar and wind power plants.

Approximately 634 billion kilowatt hours of electricity were produced in Germany in 2013, 24% of which came from renewable energy sources. While regenerative energy sources accounted for almost one quarter of total electricity production in 2013, their share amounted to only 7% in 2000. At the time, the most important renewable energy source had been water power (4%). In 2013, green electricity was generated mainly from wind power (8%), bio¬mass (7%) and photovoltaics (5%).

Under the transformation of the energy system, renewable energies are supposed to become the most important energy source in the long run. There are plans to increase their share in the gross electricity production in Germany to at least 80% by 2050. However, a fossil energy source, brown coal, was the major energy carrier in 2013. Together with hard coal, brown coal accounted for 45% of gross electricity production.

Current

Electricity

Average electricity proceeds up 2.8% in 2012 from 2011

The average proceeds (price ceiling) from electricity sales to special-contract customers amounted to 11.89 cents per kilowatt hour in 2012.

The price ceiling thus rose by 2.8% from 2011 when it was 11.57 cents per kilowatt hour.

Gas

Average gas proceeds rose by 7.2% in 2012

The average gas proceeds (price ceiling) amounted to 4.16 cents per kilowatt hour in 2012.

The price ceiling rose by 7.2% compared with 2011, when it was 3.88 cents per kilowatt hour.

The price ceiling is defined by law as the average proceeds per kilowatt hour obtained from the supply of gas to all final consumers; it is shown exclusive of VAT.

Persons employed

Number of persons employed in energy and water supply down by 1.9% in December 2012

In Germany, about 233,000 people were employed in the sector of energy and water supply at the end of December 2012. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was a decrease of 1.9% from December 2011.

Compared with December 2011, a particularly large decline in the number of persons employed was observed for local units whose principal activity was the manufacture and distribution of gas (–6.5%) and the supply of steam and air conditioning (–3.2%). The number of persons employed fell by 0.9% in electric power generation, transmission and distribution and by 1.4% in water collection, treatment and supply.

Tables

Persons employed,
turnover, investment

Tables

Short-term economic data

Monthly data

Annual data

Structural data


Production

Tables

Electricity industry

Electricity suppliers

Current month
Current quarter
Annual data
Average proceeds

Electricity generation plants in mining and manufacturing:

Electricity suppliers and electricity generation plants in mining and manufacturing

Gas industry

Heat industry

Renewable energy sources

Coal

Use

Tables

Energy use in industry, persons employed and turnover by selected economic branches for the following years:

10 industrial branches with the highest energy consumption in:

Energy consumption in industry:


Additional Information

Key figures

Gross electricity production 2013
Brown coal25.6%
Nuclear energy15.4%
Hard coal19.6%
Natural gas10.5%
Mineral oil products1.0%
Renewable energy sources23.9%
Other energy sources4.0%

Press releases

Imports of hard coal up 15.2% in 2013

7.2% rise in average gas proceeds in 2012

Average electricity proceeds up +2.8% in 2012 on 2011

1,253 gigawatt-hours of electricity produced from sewage gas

© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2014