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Energy

Theme in brief

Energy

Energy statistics provide information on electricity and gas production and distribution, heat generation, energy consumption in industry, and hard coal imports.

Furthermore infra-annual (short-term) data are in place on the supplying industry and annual data (structural data) are provided on investments and cost structure in the supplying and disposing industries.

Persons employed, turnover, investments

Results of the monthly report on energy and water supplying enterprises are available under "Short-term economic data" in the Persons employed, turnover, investments section.

Under Structural data, results are shown of the annual structural surveys in the field of electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and also water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities.

Data on water consumption are published in the Environment section under Water management.

Production

Data on electricity and heat generation by electricity suppliers and electricity generation plants in mining and manufacturing, including fuel input, are provided under Production. In addition, imports and exports of electricity are shown.

Monthly and annual data are available on gas extraction, production and receipt. Data on liquefied gas are provided under Use.

Annual data are published on net heat generation and on fuel input, receipt and stock by energy source.

Under Renewable energies, data are available on the proportion of renewable energy sources within gross electricity and primary energy consumption, on geothermal energy and on production and distribution by domestic biofuel producers.

Use

Data of the survey of energy use by local units in industry are accessible in the Use section.

Results for other areas (e.g. trade and services) are not provided by official statistics.

In addition, data on sales and proceeds of electricity suppliers and the gas industry (so-called electricity and gas price ceilings) are published in this section. Monthly and annual data on total hard coal imports supplement the information offered.

Energy prices

Data on energy price trends (hard coal, brown coal, crude oil, natural gas, petrol, diesel fuel, heating oil, heavy fuel oil, liquefied gas, electricity, district heating) are available on the theme page on Producer prices of industrial products and in the monthly publication "Daten zur Energiepreisentwicklung" (Data on energy price trends).

This publication contains summary energy data from various price statistics of the Federal Statistical Office and the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat).

More information

The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) publishes official Mineral oil data and information on the Cross border prices for natural gas.

More information on Renewable energies is provided on the website of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety.

Data on primary energy and gross electricity consumption, and complete energy balances for Germany from 1990 are compiled by the AG-Energiebilanzen.

Energy balances for the Länder are provided by the Länderarbeitskreis Energiebilanzen.

Data on the use of energy in the individual branches of production and in households and information on direct CO2 emissions by domestic branches of production can be found in the Energy, raw materials, emissions section.

Data on coal receipts from third countries and the average prices free German border for power plant hard coal are compiled by the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).

IN FOCUS / 2017-03-15

40% of electricity came from brown and hard coal in 2016

The German Federal Government intends to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% until 2020 from 1990. According to experts, this can only be done by shutting down old coal-fired power plants one by one.

In 2016 approximately 40% of the total gross electricity production was based on coal. This is a marked decrease from 1990 when brown and hard coal accounted for 57% of the power generated.

Coal still was the most important energy source in 2016 but the importance of renewable forms of energy is on the rise: while renewable energy sources had accounted for only just under 4% of total energy production in 1990, their share had risen to as much as 29% by 2016. Nuclear power, in contrast, is becoming less important: in 1990, 28% of the total gross electricity produced came from nuclear power plants but that figure was down to 13% by 2016.

Tables

Persons employed,
turnover, investment

Persons employed, turnover, investments

Results to

Production

Persons employed, turnover, investments

Results to

Additional Information

Key figures

Press

Piktogramm Presse

For current press releases on the theme of energy please go to our press pages.

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2017

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