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Industry, Manufacturing

In brief

Industry, manufacturing

Manufacturing comprises the production of goods which are subsequently used as materials and supplies, investment goods, and durable or non-durable consumer goods. Included are industrial and crafts-based production as well as repair and installation of machinery and equipment.
The surveys in manufacturing generally cover enterprises with 20 or more employees, and whose main activity is manufacturing, as well as all local units of those enterprises, irrespective of their size. Also included are the manufacturing local units with 20 or more persons employed which are part of enterprises whose main activity is not manufacturing. Below the cut-off threshold of 20 persons employed, an additional survey is conducted among small enterprises. The surveys also cover enterprises of mining and quarrying. The monthly short-term surveys cover only local units with 50 or more persons employed.

Current

New Orders

New orders in January 2015: -3.9% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

Price-adjusted new orders in manufacturing in January 2015 decreased a seasonally and working day adjusted 3.9% on December 2014 (following a corrected +4.4% in December 2014 on November 2014). Domestic orders in January 2015 decreased 2.5% and foreign orders by 4.8%. As regards the direction of trade in foreign transactions, new orders from the euro area were down 9.0% on the previous month, and new orders from other countries declined by 2.2%.

Production index

Production in January 2015: +0.6% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

In January 2015, production in industry was up by 0.6% from the previous month on a price, seasonally and working day adjusted basis according to provisional data. In December 2014, the corrected figure shows also an increase of 1.0% from November 2014. In January 2015, production in industry excluding energy and construction remained at the level of the previous month. Within industry, the production of intermediate goods and the production of consumer goods decreased by 0.4%. An increase of production was recorded for capital goods (0.5%). Energy production was at the preceding month’s level. The production in construction increased by 5.0%.

Turnover

Turnover in January 2015: +1.1% seasonally adjusted on the previos month

On the basis of provisional data, the manufacturing sector saw turnover rise in real terms adjusted for seasonal fluctuations and working-day variations 1.1% in January 2015 compared with December 2014. In December 2014, it had increased a corrected +0.8% from November 2014.
In January 2015, domestic turnover decreased by 0.2%, the business with foreign customers ascended 2.4%. Sales to euro area countries were 0.6% below preceding month’s level, while sales to other countries went up 4.4%.

Employees

January 2015: number of employees in manufacturing up by 1.2% on the previous year

At the end of January 2015, 5.3 million people worked in local units of manufacturing with 50 or more persons employed in Germany. On the basis of provisional results, that was a rise by about 61,000 persons or 1.2% against January 2014.
The number of hours worked in January 2015 decreased 3.4% from a year earlier, reaching 674 million – here it has to be considered that there was one working day less than in January 2014.

Investments

Industry invests 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013

German industrial enterprises with 20 or more persons employed invested 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013. This was a decrease of about 0.5 billion euros or 0.8% on 2012.

The highest investments in 2013 were made in the Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers branch (13.8 billion euros).

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