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Industry, Manufacturing

In brief

Industry, manufacturing

Manufacturing comprises the production of goods which are subsequently used as materials and supplies, investment goods, and durable or non-durable consumer goods. Included are industrial and crafts-based production as well as repair and installation of machinery and equipment.
The surveys in manufacturing generally cover enterprises with 20 or more employees, and whose main activity is manufacturing, as well as all local units of those enterprises, irrespective of their size. Also included are the manufacturing local units with 20 or more persons employed which are part of enterprises whose main activity is not manufacturing. Below the cut-off threshold of 20 persons employed, an additional survey is conducted among small enterprises. The surveys also cover enterprises of mining and quarrying. The monthly short-term surveys cover only local units with 50 or more persons employed.

Current

New Orders

New orders in manufacturing in June 2015: +2.0% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

Based on provisional data, price-adjusted new orders in manufacturing in June 2015 increased a seasonally and working-day adjusted 2.0% on May 2015. In May 2015, the decrease on the previous month showed a corrected –0.3% (primary –0.2%). In June 2015, domestic orders decreased 2.0% while foreign orders increased 4.8% on the previous month. As regards the direction of trade in foreign transactions, new orders from the euro area were up 2.3% on the previous month, new orders from other countries increased 6.3%. 

In June 2015 the manufacturers of intermediate goods recorded decreases in new orders of 0.4% on the previous month while capital goods increased 3.7%. For consumer goods, a decrease in new orders of 0.6% was recorded. 

The rates of change are based on the volume index of new orders for manufacturing (2010 = 100). Seasonal and working day adjustment is done using the Census X-12-ARIMA method. 

Detailed data and long time series on the index of new orders in manufacturing are available from the GENESIS-Online database in the tables on the volume index (42151-0004). There you can also find the index of new orders without major orders (42151-008).

Production index

Production in June 2015 down a seasonally adjusted -1.4% on the previous month

In June 2015, production in industry was down by 1.4% from the previous month on a price, seasonally and working day adjusted basis according to provisional data. In May 2015, the corrected figure shows an increase of 0.2% (primary +0.0%) from April 2015. 

In May 2015, production in industry excluding energy and construction fell by -1.3%. Within industry, the production of capital goods decreased by 2.6%, the production of intermediate goods by 0.3% and the production consumer goods by 0.2%. Energy production was up 2.3% on the previous month while production in construction fell by 4.5%. 

The rates of change refer to the production index for the industry (2010 = 100). Seasonal and working day adjustment is done using the Census X-12-ARIMA method.

Turnover

Turnover in manufacturing in June 2015: –2.1% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

On the basis of provisional data, the manufacturing sector saw turnover fell in real terms adjusted for seasonal fluctuations and working-day variations 2.1% in June 2015 compared with May 2015. In May 2015, the increase remained after correction compared with April 2015, by 0.8%. 

In June 2015, domestic turnover decreased by 0.8%, the business with foreign customers declined 3.3%. Sales to euro area countries were 0.7% above preceding month’s level, sales to other countries went down 6.0%. 

Compared with the preceding year, real turnover in manufacturing showed a total increase of 1.4% in June 2015 after having been adjusted for working-day variations.

Increases were observed in domestic sales (+0.9%), turnover from business with foreign customers rose by 1.9%. Among foreign transactions, sales to euro area countries increased by 6.4%, while turnover with other foreign countries fall 1.0%. 

For the first half year 2015, the (working-day adjusted) turnover in manufacturing was 1.8% above the level of the same period of the previous year; domestic turnover ascended 0.1% and foreign turnover increased 3.5%.

Employees

Number of employees in manufacturing in June 2015: +1.0% year on year

This photo shows a woman in a laboratory (© RGtimeline - Fotolia.com)

At the end of June 2015, 5.3 million people worked in local units of manufacturing with 50 or more persons employed in Germany. On the basis of provisional results, that was a rise by about 52,000 persons or 1.0% against June 2014. 

More : Number of employees in manufacturing in June 2015: +1.0% year on year …

Investments

Industry invests 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013

German industrial enterprises with 20 or more persons employed invested 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013. This was a decrease of about 0.5 billion euros or 0.8% on 2012.

The highest investments in 2013 were made in the Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers branch (13.8 billion euros).

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