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Industry, Manufacturing

In brief

Industry, manufacturing

Manufacturing comprises the production of goods which are subsequently used as materials and supplies, investment goods, and durable or non-durable consumer goods. Included are industrial and crafts-based production as well as repair and installation of machinery and equipment.
The surveys in manufacturing generally cover enterprises with 20 or more employees, and whose main activity is manufacturing, as well as all local units of those enterprises, irrespective of their size. Also included are the manufacturing local units with 20 or more persons employed which are part of enterprises whose main activity is not manufacturing. Below the cut-off threshold of 20 persons employed, an additional survey is conducted among small enterprises. The surveys also cover enterprises of mining and quarrying. The monthly short-term surveys cover only local units with 50 or more persons employed.

Current

New Orders

New orders in April 2015: +1.4% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

Price-adjusted new orders in manufacturing in April 2015 increased a seasonally and working-day adjusted 1.4% on March 2015. In March 2015, the increase on the previous month showed a corrected +1.1% (primary +0.9%). In April 2015, domestic orders decreased 3.8% while foreign orders increased 5.5% on the previous month. As regards the direction of trade in foreign transactions, new orders from the euro area were up 6.8% on the previous month and new orders from other countries ascended by 4.7%.

Production index

Production in April 2015: +0.9% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

In April 2015, production in industry was up by 0.9% from the previous month on a price, seasonally and working day adjusted basis according to provisional data. In March 2015, the corrected figure shows a decrease of 0.4% (primary -0.5%) from February 2015. In April 2015, production in industry excluding energy and construction was up by 0.7%. Within industry, the production of capital goods increased by 1.5% and the production of intermediate goods by 0.7%. An decrease of production was recorded for consumer goods (0.9%). Energy production was up by 1.4% in April 2015, while the production in construction increased by 1.3%.

Turnover

Turnover in April 2015: +1.2% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

On the basis of provisional data, the manufacturing sector saw turnover rise in real terms adjusted for seasonal fluctuations and working-day variations 1.2% in April 2015 compared with March 2015. In March 2015, it had decreased a corrected –0.3% (primary –1.0%) from February 2015.
In April 2015, domestic turnover decreased by 0.3%, the business with foreign customers ascended 2.7%. Sales to euro area countries were 2.0% above preceding month’s level, sales to other countries went up 3.2%.

Employees

Number of employees in April 2015: +1.1% year on year

At the end of April 2015, 5.3 million people worked in local units of manufacturing with 50 or more persons employed in Germany. On the basis of provisional results, that was a rise by about 56,000 persons or 1.1% against April 2014.
The number of hours worked in April 2015 increased 1.6% from a year earlier, reaching 691 million – at equal numbers of working days. The earnings amounted to 22.9 billion euros; that was 5.3% more than in April 2014.

Investments

Industry invests 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013

German industrial enterprises with 20 or more persons employed invested 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013. This was a decrease of about 0.5 billion euros or 0.8% on 2012.

The highest investments in 2013 were made in the Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers branch (13.8 billion euros).

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