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Industry, Manufacturing

In brief

Industry, manufacturing

Manufacturing comprises the production of goods which are subsequently used as materials and supplies, investment goods, and durable or non-durable consumer goods. Included are industrial and crafts-based production as well as repair and installation of machinery and equipment.
The surveys in manufacturing generally cover enterprises with 20 or more employees, and whose main activity is manufacturing, as well as all local units of those enterprises, irrespective of their size. Also included are the manufacturing local units with 20 or more persons employed which are part of enterprises whose main activity is not manufacturing. Below the cut-off threshold of 20 persons employed, an additional survey is conducted among small enterprises. The surveys also cover enterprises of mining and quarrying. The monthly short-term surveys cover only local units with 50 or more persons employed.

Current

New Orders

New orders in December 2014: +4.2% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

Price-adjusted new orders in manufacturing in December 2014 increased a seasonally and working day adjusted 4.2% on November 2014 (following a corrected –2.4% in November 2014 on October 2014). Domestic orders increased 3.4% and foreign orders by 4.8%. As regards the direction of trade in foreign transactions, new orders from the euro area were up 5.9% on the previous month, and new orders from other countries by 4.0%.

Production index

Production in December 2014: +0.1% seasonally adjusted on the previous month

In December 2014, production in industry was up by 0.1% from the previous month on a price, seasonally and working day adjusted basis according to provisional data. In November 2014, the corrected figure shows also an increase of 0.1% from October 2014. In December 2014, production in industry excluding energy and construction was up by 0.5%. Within industry, the production of intermediate goods increased by 2.0% and the production of consumer goods by 1.4%. A decrease of production was recorded for capital goods (-1.2%). Energy production was up 0.8% on the previous month while production in construction fell by 2.9%.

Turnover

Turnover in December 2014: +0.6% seasonally adjusted on the previos month

On the basis of provisional data, the manufacturing sector saw turnover rise in real terms adjusted for seasonal fluctuations and working-day variations 0.6% in December 2014 compared with November 2014. In November 2014, it had decreased a corrected –0.2% from October 2014.
In December 2014, domestic turnover increased by 1.4%, the business with foreign customers declined 0.1%. Sales to euro area countries were 4.6% above preceding month’s level, while sales to other countries went down 3.1%.

Employees

December 2014: number of employees in manufac­turing up by 1.1% on the previous year

At the end of December 2014, 5.3 million people worked in local units of manufacturing with 50 or more persons employed in Germany. On the basis of provisional results, that was a rise by about 57,000 persons or 1.1% against December 2013.
The number of hours worked in December 2014 increased 4.0% from a year earlier, reaching 603 million – here it has to be considered that there was one working day more than in December 2013.

Investments

Industry invests 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013

German industrial enterprises with 20 or more persons employed invested 56.5 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2013. This was a decrease of about 0.5 billion euros or 0.8% on 2012.

The highest investments in 2013 were made in the Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers branch (13.8 billion euros).

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