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Industry, Manufacturing

In brief

Industry, manufacturing

Manufacturing comprises the production of goods which are subsequently used as materials and supplies, investment goods, and durable or non-durable consumer goods. Included are industrial and crafts-based production as well as repair and installation of machinery and equipment.
The surveys in manufacturing generally cover enterprises with 20 or more employees, and whose main activity is manufacturing, as well as all local units of those enterprises, irrespective of their size. Also included are the manufacturing local units with 20 or more persons employed which are part of enterprises whose main activity is not manufacturing. Below the cut-off threshold of 20 persons employed, an additional survey is conducted among small enterprises. The surveys also cover enterprises of mining and quarrying. The monthly short-term surveys cover only local units with 50 or more persons employed.




February 2014: number of employees increasing by 0.7%

At the end of February 2014, 5.3 million people worked in local units of manufacturing with 50 or more persons employed in Germany. On the basis of provisional results, that was a rise by about 37,000 persons or 0.7% against February 2013.

The number of hours worked in February 2014 increased 3.1% from a year earlier, reaching 687 million – at equal numbers of working days.

The earnings amounted to 19.3 billion euros; that was 4.0% more than in February 2013.


Industry invests 57 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2012

Industry invests 57 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2012

German industrial enterprises with 20 or more persons employed invested 57.0 billion euros in tangible fixed assets in 2012. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that this was an increase of about 1.8 billion euros or 3.2% on 2011.

The highest investments in 2012 were made in the Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers branch (13.6 billion euros).

New Orders

New orders

Index of new orders increased 0.6%

Price-adjusted new orders in manufacturing in February 2014 rose a seasonally and working day adjusted 0.6% on January 2014 (following +0.1% in January 2014 on December 2013), according to provisional data. Domestic orders increased 1.2%, foreign orders increased 0.2%. As regards the direction of trade in foreign transactions, new orders from the euro area were up 5.9% on the previous month, while new orders from other countries were down 3.1%.

The manufacturers of intermediate- and capital goods recorded increases in orders of 1.2% and 0.4%. For capital goods, however, a decrease in orders of 0.8% was recorded.

Production index


Production industries increased 0.4%

In February 2014, production in industry was up by 0.4 % from the previous month on a price, seasonally and working day adjusted basis according to provisional data. In January 2014, it increased by 0.7% from December 2013.
Production in industry excluding energy and construction grew by 0.5%. Within industry, the production of intermediate goods rose by 1.3%, while consumer goods production increased by 0.3%. The producers of capital goods, however, reported a decrease of 0.2% on the previous month.
Energy production and production in construction were down by 0.3% and 0.1% in February 2014.



Turnover in manufacturing decreased 0.9%

On the basis of provisional data, the manufacturing sector saw turnover fall in real terms adjusted for seasonal fluctuations and working-day variations 0.9% in February 2014 compared with January 2014 (following a revised +2.1% in January 2014 compared with December 2013). Domestic turnover decreased by 0.7%, the business with foreign customers declined 1.3%. Sales to euro area countries were 0.8% above preceding month’s level, while sales to other countries went down 2.6%.

Additional Information

Press releases

February 2014: number of employees in manufacturing increasing by 0.7%

Turnover in manufacturing in February 2014: –0.9% seasonally adjusted on January 2014

Seasonally adjusted production in February 2014 up + 0.4 % on the previous month

Statistics visualised

© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2014