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Transport

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Transport

The transport sector plays a central role in a modern economy. Mobility of goods (raw materials, semi-manufactured and finished products) and people (e.g. apprentices, employees, travellers, consumers) is required in the first place for the division of labour to function and for value added to be created in all economic sectors. Statistical information on transport provides an important basis for entrepreneurial decisions and transport policies.

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In FOCUS / 2014-11-11

Wage conflict: Trains transported about 2.6 billion passengers in 2013

An agreement has still not been reached in the current wage conflict between the national operator Deutsche Bahn and the German train drivers' union (GDL). The train drivers have gone on strike several times since the conflict began - millions of passengers were affected by the work stoppages.

Longer-distance and commuter trains transported approximately 2.6 billion people in 2013. Most of the passengers (2.5 billion) used the trains to cover shorter distances. Compared with a year earlier, the number of passengers declined by 2.3% in local transport. In contrast, the number of passengers using long-distance transport services remained unchanged at 131 million.

The train drivers' strike hit not only passenger transport services but also rail freight transport. In 2013 a total of approximately 374 million tonnes of goods were transported by rail. By contrast, the volume of goods carried by road amounted to about 3.4 billion tonnes. There also are considerable differences when it comes to transport performance: for instance, road freight transport accounted for approximately 70% (453 billion tonne kilometres) of the entire transport performance in Germany. Rail freight transport accounted for 17% (113 billion tonne kilometres).

Tables

Additional Information

Key figures

Road network (roads of other than local trans­port)2014230,400 km
Railway lines (Length of lines operated)201337,860 km
Length of waterways20137,675 km
Stock of passenger cars
201443,851,200
New registrations of passenger cars20132,952,400

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