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Labour market

Labour market

Unemployment rate1
Germany
Year, month Unemployment rate in % related to
total civilian labour force dependent
civilian
labour force
Total Male Female Juveniles of
under 20 years
of age
1 Beginning with reference month January 2009 unemployment ratios for the entire civilian workforce are published, replacing unemployment ratios based on the civilian workforce in dependent employment.

Source: Statistics of German Federal Employment Agency.
2018 Sep 5.0 5.1 4.8 3.7 5.5
Aug 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.3 5.8
Jul 5.1 5.3 5.0 3.7 5.7
Jun 5.0 5.2 4.8 3.0 5.6
May 5.1 5.3 4.9 2.9 5.7
Apr 5.3 5.6 5.1 3.1 5.9
Mar 5.5 5.8 5.1 3.2 6.1
Feb 5.7 6.1 5.3 3.3 6.3
Jan 5.8 6.1 5.4 3.3 6.4
2017 Dec 5.3 5.6 5.1 3.2 5.9
Nov 5.3 5.5 5.1 3.3 5.9
Oct 5.4 5.5 5.2 3.6 5.9
Sep 5.5 5.6 5.3 4.0 6.1
Aug 5.7 5.8 5.6 4.6 6.3
Jul 5.6 5.8 5.5 3.9 6.3
Jun 5.5 5.8 5.3 3.2 6.1
May 5.6 5.8 5.3 3.2 6.2
Apr 5.8 6.1 5.5 3.4 6.5
Mar 6.0 6.4 5.6 3.6 6.7
Feb 6.3 6.7 5.7 3.8 6.9
Jan 6.3 6.7 5.8 3.7 7.0
2016 Dec 5.8 6.1 5.5 3.7 6.5
Nov 5.7 5.9 5.5 3.7 6.4
Oct 5.8 5.9 5.5 3.9 6.4
Sep 5.9 6.1 5.7 4.4 6.6
Aug 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.0 6.7
Jul 6.0 6.2 5.8 4.3 6.7
Jun 5.9 6.2 5.7 3.5 6.6
May 6.0 6.3 5.7 3.5 6.7
Apr 6.3 6.5 5.9 3.7 7.0
Mar 6.5 6.9 6.1 3.8 7.2
Feb 6.6 7.1 6.2 3.8 7.4
Jan 6.7 7.0 6.2 3.6 7.4
2015 Dec 6.1 6.3 5.9 3.5 6.8
Nov 6.0 6.1 5.9 3.5 6.7
Oct 6.0 6.1 6.0 3.6 6.7
Sep 6.2 6.2 6.1 4.0 6.9
Aug 6.4 6.4 6.3 4.7 7.1
Jul 6.3 6.4 6.2 3.9 7.0
Jun 6.2 6.3 6.0 3.2 6.9
May 6.3 6.5 6.1 3.2 7.0
Apr 6.5 6.7 6.3 3.4 7.3
Mar 6.8 7.1 6.4 3.6 7.6
Feb 6.9 7.3 6.5 3.6 7.8
Jan 7.0 7.3 6.6 3.5 7.8
2014 Dec 6.4 6.5 6.2 3.3 7.1
Nov 6.3 6.3 6.2 3.4 7.0
Oct 6.3 6.3 6.3 3.6 7.0
Sep 6.5 6.4 6.5 4.3 7.2
Aug 6.7 6.6 6.7 5.0 7.5
Jul 6.6 6.6 6.6 3.9 7.4
Jun 6.5 6.6 6.4 3.3 7.3
May 6.6 6.8 6.5 3.3 7.4
Apr 6.8 7.0 6.6 3.4 7.6
Mar 7.1 7.4 6.8 3.6 7.9
Feb 7.3 7.6 6.9 3.6 8.1
Jan 7.3 7.6 6.9 3.5 8.1
2013 Dec 6.7 6.8 6.5 3.4 7.5
Nov 6.5 6.5 6.5 3.4 7.3
Oct 6.5 6.5 6.5 3.5 7.3
Sep 6.6 6.6 6.6 4.0 7.4
Aug 6.8 6.8 6.9 4.9 7.6
Jul 6.8 6.8 6.7 4.1 7.6
Jun 6.6 6.7 6.5 3.3 7.4
May 6.8 7.0 6.6 3.3 7.6
Apr 7.1 7.3 6.8 3.3 7.9
Mar 7.3 7.6 6.9 3.5 8.1
Feb 7.4 7.8 6.9 3.5 8.3
Jan 7.4 7.7 7.0 3.4 8.2
2012 Dec 6.7 6.8 6.5 3.3 7.5
Nov 6.5 6.5 6.5 3.3 7.2
Oct 6.5 6.4 6.5 3.4 7.2
Sep 6.5 6.5 6.7 4.0 7.3
Aug 6.8 6.7 6.9 4.9 7.6
Jul 6.8 6.7 6.8 4.0 7.5
Jun 6.6 6.6 6.6 3.3 7.4
May 6.7 6.8 6.6 3.2 7.5
Apr 7.0 7.1 6.9 3.2 7.9
Mar 7.2 7.4 6.9 3.4 8.0
Feb 7.4 7.7 7.0 3.4 8.2
Jan 7.3 7.5 7.0 3.3 8.2
2011 Dec 6.6 6.6 6.6 3.1 7.4
Nov 6.4 6.3 6.5 3.1 7.2
Oct 6.5 6.3 6.6 3.3 7.3
Sep 6.6 6.5 6.8 3.8 7.4
Aug 7.0 6.8 7.2 5.0 7.8
Jul 7.0 6.9 7.1 4.1 7.8
Jun 6.9 6.8 6.9 3.1 7.7
May 7.0 7.0 7.0 3.1 7.8
Apr 7.3 7.4 7.2 3.1 8.2
Mar 7.6 7.9 7.3 3.3 8.5
Feb 7.9 8.2 7.5 3.4 8.8
Jan 7.9 8.3 7.5 3.4 8.9
2010 Dec 7.1 7.2 7.1 3.2 8.0
Nov 6.9 6.9 7.0 3.2 7.8
Oct 7.0 6.9 7.1 3.5 7.8
Sep 7.2 7.1 7.3 4.1 8.0
Aug 7.6 7.5 7.6 5.3 8.5
Jul 7.6 7.6 7.6 4.6 8.5
Jun 7.5 7.6 7.3 3.4 8.4
May 7.7 7.9 7.4 3.4 8.6
Apr 8.1 8.4 7.7 3.5 9.1
Mar 8.5 9.0 7.8 3.9 9.5
Feb 8.6 9.3 7.9 4.0 9.7
Jan 8.6 9.1 8.0 3.8 9.6
2009 Dec 7.8 8.0 7.5 3.7 8.7
Nov 7.6 7.8 7.5 3.7 8.6
Oct 7.7 7.8 7.5 4.1 8.6
Sep 7.9 8.0 7.8 5.1 8.9
Aug 8.2 8.3 8.1 6.3 9.2
Jul 8.2 8.4 8.0 5.2 9.2
Jun 8.1 8.3 7.8 3.8 9.1
May 8.2 8.5 7.9 3.8 9.2
Apr 8.5 8.8 8.2 4.0 9.6
Mar 8.5 8.9 8.1 4.2 9.6
Feb 8.5 8.8 8.1 4.2 9.5
Jan 8.3 8.5 8.1 4.0 9.3
2008 Dec 7.4 7.2 7.6 3.7 8.3
Nov 7.1 6.8 7.5 3.7 8.0
Oct 7.1 6.7 7.6 4.1 8.0
Sep 7.3 6.9 7.9 5.1 8.2
Aug 7.6 7.1 8.2 6.1 8.5
Jul 7.6 7.2 8.2 5.0 8.6
Jun 7.5 7.1 8.0 3.6 8.4
May 7.8 7.5 8.2 3.7 8.8
Apr 8.1 7.8 8.5 4.0 9.1
Mar 8.3 8.1 8.6 4.3 9.3
Feb 8.6 8.4 8.8 4.5 9.6
Jan 8.7 8.5 8.9 4.5 9.7
2007 Dec 8.1 7.7 8.6 4.5 9.1
Nov 8.0 7.5 8.7 4.7 9.0
Oct 8.2 7.5 8.9 5.2 9.1
Sep 8.4 7.8 9.2 6.6 9.4
Aug 8.8 8.1 9.6 7.9 9.9
Jul 8.8 8.2 9.6 5.9 9.9
Jun 8.8 8.2 9.4 4.5 9.8
May 9.1 8.5 9.6 4.6 10.1
Apr 9.5 9.0 10.0 - 10.6
Mar 9.8 9.5 10.2 - 11.0
Feb 10.1 9.9 10.4 - 11.3
Jan 10.2 9.9 10.6 - 11.4
2006 Dec 9.6 9.0 10.3 - 10.7
Nov 9.6 8.9 10.3 - 10.7
Oct 9.8 9.1 10.5 - 10.9
Sep 10.1 9.5 10.9 - 11.4
Aug 10.5 9.8 11.2 - 11.7
Jul 10.5 10.0 11.0 - 11.8
Jun 10.5 10.2 10.9 - 11.8
May 10.9 10.6 11.1 - 12.2
Apr 11.5 11.5 11.6 - 12.9
Mar 12.0 12.2 11.7 - 13.4
Feb 12.2 12.5 11.8 - 13.6
Jan 12.1 12.3 11.9 - 13.5
2005 Dec 11.1 10.9 11.3 - 12.4
Nov 10.9 10.6 11.3 - 12.2
Oct 11.0 10.6 11.4 - 12.2
Sep 11.2 10.9 11.6 - 12.5
Aug 11.6 11.3 11.9 - 12.9
Jul 11.7 11.4 11.9 - 13.0
Jun 11.5 11.4 11.6 - 12.8
May 11.8 11.8 11.8 - 13.1
Apr 12.2 12.3 12.1 - 13.5
Mar 12.7 13.1 12.2 - 14.1
Feb 12.7 13.2 12.3 - 14.1
Jan 12.3 12.7 11.8 - 13.6

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