Sustainable development indicators
Policy-makers have specified targets for the sustainable development of intergenerational equity, quality of life and social cohesion, and for maintaining international responsibility.
Environmental-economic accounting supports the National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Federal Government by analysing in greater detail the development of various environment-related indicators of the sustainability strategy, showing differences and indicating cross references to economic and social aspects. This refers in particular to the following indicators: energy and raw material productivity, greenhouse gas emissions, increase in the housing and transport area, intensity of passenger and goods transport, and air pollutants.
Eurostat’s structural indicators
Until 2010, the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) provided the structural indicators as an instrument for objectively measuring the progress made in the Member States of the European Union. The indicators made it possible to measure the extent to which the Lisbon objectives formulated by the European Council had been reached. The renewed Lisbon Strategy of 2006 has four basic objectives: investing in knowledge and innovation, unlocking the business potential, investing in people and modernising labour markets, and a more environmentally-friendly economy. Accordingly, indicators were presented for the general economic background, employment, innovation and research, economic reform, social cohesion and the environment in the European Union, the euro area and the Member States.
In the summer of 2010, the European Council adopted the "Europe 2020" growth strategy (Europa 2020, German only). After that, the structural indicators were discontinued.
In the context of the Lisbon Strategy for growth and jobs in the European Single Market and its successor strategy "Europe 2020" with the three priorities of "smart", "sustainable" and "inclusive growth", a study commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology analysed whether monitoring in the form of market observation may support the strategy and how this may be done.