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Earnings & labour costs

Theme in brief

Earnings & labour costs

Official statistics on earnings and labour costs comprise absolute figures on labour costs, earnings by occupation and by branch of economic activity, agreed earnings and minimum wages.

Also, the average development of those data can be monitored through the following earnings indices: indices of agreed earnings and working hours, index of gross earnings, and labour cost index. In addition, they are often used as earnings indices in contracts.

Information on the development of real earnings and on the gender pay gap is also available.

IN FOCUS / 2013-07-05

First detailed results on the collective bargaining coverage in Germany

An average of 55% of the employees in Germany were covered by collective agreements in 2010: 15% in information technology services, 52% in mechanical engineering and 90% in financial services. In the public service, all employees are covered by collective agreements or statutory orders on the remuneration of public officials.

The public debate on fair pay, minimum and low wages has significantly increased the demand for data on the collective bargaining coverage in Germany. Collective agreements are considered as an important instrument for reconciling the interests of employers and employees and for maintaining social peace. The Federal Statistical Office’s publication on "Tarifbindung in Deutschland 2010" (only in German) presents detailed results on that topic for the first time.


Additional Information

Key figures


Piktogramm Presse

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