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Foreign Trade

Foreign Trade

Overall development

German exports up 1.2% in 2016

Germany exported goods to the value of 1,207.5 billion euros and imported goods to the value of 954.6 billion euros in 2016. Based on provisional data, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that German exports increased by 1.2% and imports by 0.6% in 2016 compared with 2015. Exports and imports in 2016 exceeded the previous record highs of 2015, when goods to the value of 1,193.6 billion euros had been exported and goods to the value of 949.2 billion euros had been imported. 

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German exports in 2015: +6.2% compared with 2014

Germany exported goods to the value of 1,193.6 billion euros and imported goods to the value of 949.2 billion euros in 2015. Based on provisional data, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that German exports increased by 6,2% and imports by 4,3% in 2015 compared with 2014. In 2015, export and import levels were higher than the previous all-time highs recorded in 2014. That year, Germany exported goods to the value of 1,123.7 billion euros and imported goods to the value of 910.1 billion euros.

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Trading partners

Germany’s most important trading partners 2015

In 2015 the top country of destination for German exports was the United States followed by France and the United Kingdom. Germany exported goods worth 113.7 billion euro to the United States, 102.8 billion euro to France and 89.0 billion euro to the United Kingdom.

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Trading goods

The main German export product: motor vehicles

Accounting for 19.0% motor vehicles and parts thereof of exports, was Germany's main export product in 2015. Machinery (14.3%) and chemical products (9.1%) ranked second and third, respectively, among the most important export items.

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Trading partners

Additional Information

Key figures

Foreign trade 2015
Exports€ 1,194 bn
Imports€ 949 bn
Export surplus€ 244 bn
Export propensity39.4%
Import penetration rate34.0%

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