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Foreign Trade

Germany’s most important trading partners 2013

About 69% of exports of goods "made in Germany" were shipped to European countries. 57% of all goods were delivered to the member states of the European Union. The second important sales market for German goods in 2013 was Asia with a share of about 16%, followed by America, with a share of 12%. Africa and Australia / Oceania only accounted for small percentages of German exports (2% and 0.9%, respectively).

The majority of German imports also came from Europe (71%), followed by Asia (18%) and America (8%). Goods from Africa and Australia / Oceania played just a subordinate role in imports too (3% and 0.4%, respectively).

In 2013 the top country of destination for German exports was France followed by the United States and the United Kingdom. Germany exported goods worth 100.3 billion euro to France (9.2% of total German exports), 88.4 billion euro to the United States (8.1%) and 75.6 billion euro to the United Kingdom (6.9%).

Most of the goods imported to Germany originated from the Netherlands. The countries ranking second and third were the People's Republik of China and France. Germany imported goods worth 89.1 billion euro from the Netherlands (9.9% of total German imports), 73.6 billion euro from the People's Republik of China (8.2%) and 64.1 billion euro from France (7.1%).

Additional Information

Key figures

Foreign trade 2013
ExportsEuro 1,094 bn
ImportsEuro 896 bn
Export surplusEuro 198 bn
Export propensity40.0%
Import penetration rate35.3%
Terms of Trade (2010 = 100)97.9

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© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2014