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Foreign Trade

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This photo shows a pipeline (© Dmitri Oleinik -

Crisis in Crimea: 31% of crude oil and natural gas are imported from Russia

The EU foreign ministers decided to impose sanctions over Russia after the questionable Crimea referendum. In a next step, economic action could follow.

As regards the key trading partners of Germany Russia ranked eleventh in 2013. The value of the goods traded amounted to 76.5 billion euros. Germany exported goods to the value of 36.1 billion euros to Russia. The main export goods were machinery (23%) and motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (21%).

Imports from the Russian Federation amounted to 40.4 billion euros. Crude oil and natural gas accounted for 72% of the imports. Thus roughly 31% of the total German crude oil and natural gas imports came from Russia.

Additional Information

Key figures

Foreign trade 2013
ExportsEuro 1,094 bn
ImportsEuro 896 bn
Export surplusEuro 198 bn
Export propensity40.0%
Import penetration rate35.3%
Terms of Trade (2010 = 100)97.9

Press releases

Imports of hard coal up 15.2% in 2013

German exports in February 2014: +4.6% on February 2013

10% of exporting enterprises export goods to Russia

© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2014