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Employment

February 2018: employment up 1.4% on a year earlier

In February 2018, roughly 44.3 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with February 2017, the number of persons in employment increased by 1.4% (+621,000 people). In January 2018, the year-on-year increase was nearly the same (+631,000 people or +1.4%). Approximately 1.6 million people were unemployed in February 2018, 236,000 fewer than a year earlier.

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4th quarter of 2017: employment up 1.5 percent

In the fourth quarter of 2017, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to roughly 44.7 million according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with a year earlier, the number of persons in employment was up by 642,000, or 1.5%, which was due to the good economic situation. Hence, a year-on-year growth rate of 1.5% was recorded for each of the four quarters of 2017.

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Roughly 2.6 million persons in employment wanted to work more in 2016, just under 1.2 million less

In 2016, roughly 2.6 million persons in employment aged 15 to 74 years wanted to work more hours (underemployed), while 1.2 million persons in employment wanted to work less (overemployed). The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that all underemployed persons in part-time and full-time employment usually worked an average 28.9 hours per week and wanted to work 10.9 hours more. All overemployed people - full-time or part-time - usually worked an average 41.6 hours per week in 2016 and wanted to work 11.0 hours less.

More : Roughly 2.6 million persons in employment wanted to work more in 2016, just under 1.2 million less …

Women and Men

Growing numbers of women earn their own living

In 2016, own employment was the main source of livelihood for roughly 72% of the women aged between 25 and 55 years. To mark the International Women's Day on 8 March, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this figure was much lower, at 64%, ten years earlier. In eastern Germany, own employment was the main source of livelihood for approximately 77% of the women in 2016, as compared with 70% in western Germany.

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11% of the people in full-time employment had excessive working hours in 2016

People spend many hours a day at work – often more time than is available for their families and leisure activities. In 2016, people in full-time employment worked an average of 41 hours per week.11% of the people in full-time employment usually worked even more than 48 hours per week. This is regarded as excessive working hours.

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Atypical Employment

Atypical employment remains unchanged at 21%

One in five people in employment aged 15 to 64 years (20.7%) were in atypical employment in 2016. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that the proportion of people in atypical employment remained nearly unchanged in the last three years (2015: 20.8%, 2014: 20.9%). Standard employment, too, was close to the previous year's level (2015: 68.7%), standing at 69.2% in 2016. Self-employed people accounted for 9.9% and unpaid family workers for 0.3%.

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Number of people in standard employment continues to increase

The number of people in standard employment rose by roughly 317,000 to 24.8 million in 2015. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that the number of people in standard employment as a proportion of the core group of persons in employment increased to 68.7% compared with the previous year (2014: 68.3%). The significance of standard employment has been increasing for some years now, up from 65.4% in 2006.

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Commuter

14% of persons in employment use public transport

In 2016, approximately 14% of all persons in employment regularly used public means of transport to get to work.

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In FOCUS / 2016-08-23

Immigrants: good command of German important for integration in the labour market

Net immigration in 2015 (1.16 million foreigners) was the highest in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany. For immigrants who are granted the right to stay in Germany, integration in the labour market is important. A good command of German is crucial here.

The total employment rate of immigrants not born in Germany was about 69% in 2014. Immigrants with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of 52%. It increased continuously with better language skills, reaching 77% among immigrants speaking fluent German (native population: 80%).

Especially for women who were born abroad and immigrated to Germany, learning the language is crucial for integration in the labour market. Women with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of just 36%. As they learned the language, their employment rate increased and reached 72% among female immigrants speaking fluent German (native women: 76%).

For detailed information please refer to our STATmagazin.

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Women and Men

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Microcensus, Labour Force Survey

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