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Employment

11% of the 65 to 74-year-olds are in employment

In Germany, one in nine persons aged between 65 and 74 years was in employment in 2016 (11%). Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this applied to 942,000 of the total of 8.3 million people of this age.

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May 2017: more than 44 million persons in employment

In May 2017, roughly 44.1 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). This was a record high since German reunification. Compared with May 2016, the number of persons in employment increased by 651,000 or 1.5%. In the months from January to April 2017, the year-on-year growth rates had been 1.5%, too. Approximately 1.6 million people were unemployed in May 2017, 198,000 fewer than a year earlier.

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Positive trend in employment continued in the 1st quarter of 2017

In the first quarter of 2017, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to 43.7 million according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with the same quarter a year earlier, the number of persons in employment increased considerably by 638,000 or 1.5%. Hence the positive employment trend continued at the beginning of 2017. In the fourth quarter of 2016, the year-on-year increase had been 1.3%. 

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Women and Men

Couples with young children: mothers in full-time employment are an exception

In couples with children under the age of three, approximately 83% of fathers worked full-time in 2015. However, mothers in full-time employment were rather an exception; their proportion was 10%. To coincide with the International Women's Day on 8 March, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that not more than roughly 8% of the mothers of young children in couples were employed full-time in western Germany.

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Full-time employees worked an average 40.5 hours per week in 2015

In Germany, people employed full-time worked 40.5 hours on average in 2015. The average number of usual weekly working hours of both part-time and full-time employees has risen by a half hour in the past 20 years.

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Atypical Employment

Number of people in standard employment continues to increase

The number of people in standard employment rose by roughly 317,000 to 24.8 million in 2015. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that the number of people in standard employment as a proportion of the core group of persons in employment increased to 68.7% compared with the previous year (2014: 68.3%). The significance of standard employment has been increasing for some years now, up from 65.4% in 2006.

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In FOCUS / 2016-08-23

Immigrants: good command of German important for integration in the labour market

Net immigration in 2015 (1.16 million foreigners) was the highest in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany. For immigrants who are granted the right to stay in Germany, integration in the labour market is important. A good command of German is crucial here.

The total employment rate of immigrants not born in Germany was about 69% in 2014. Immigrants with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of 52%. It increased continuously with better language skills, reaching 77% among immigrants speaking fluent German (native population: 80%).

Especially for women who were born abroad and immigrated to Germany, learning the language is crucial for integration in the labour market. Women with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of just 36%. As they learned the language, their employment rate increased and reached 72% among female immigrants speaking fluent German (native women: 76%).

For detailed information please refer to our STATmagazin.

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Women and Men

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Microcensus, Labour Force Survey

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