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Labour market

Theme in brief

Employment

Employment is a major source to secure the livelihood of individuals and families. It allows their participation in social life, and for many people it is an important precondition for satisfaction and a high quality of life.

The core of employment statistics at the Federal Statistical Office is employment accounts as part of national accounts and the microcensus with the labour force survey integrated into it. The employment statistics of the Federal Employment Agency provide data on employees subject to social insurance contributions.

Current

Employment accounts

Continued strong increase in employment in July 2016

In July 2016, roughly 43.6 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations. Compared with the same month a year earlier, this was a strong increase of 533,000 or 1.2%. Since December 2015, employment has continuously increased, with year-on-year growth rates of 1.2% each. Roughly 1.9 million people were unemployed in July 2016, 60,000 fewer than a year earlier.

More : Continued strong increase in employment in July 2016 …

43.5 million persons in employment in 2nd quarter of 2016

Employment continued to increase in the second quarter of 2016 according to provisional results. The number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to 43.5 million, which was again markedly above the previous year's level. Compared with the second quarter of 2015, the number of persons in employment increased considerably by 529,000 or 1.2%. 

More : 43.5 million persons in employment in 2nd quarter of 2016 …

Labour force survey / microcensus

Unused labour supply in 2015: 5.7 million people want to work (more)

In 2015, roughly 5.7 million people aged 15 to 74 years wanted to have a job or to work more hours, according to results of the labour force survey, their number fell by 298,000 (-5.0%) compared with the previous year.

More : Unused labour supply in 2015: 5.7 million people want to work (more) …

Full-time employees worked an average 40.5 hours per week in 2015

In Germany, people employed full-time worked 40.5 hours on average in 2015. The average number of usual weekly working hours of both part-time and full-time employees has risen by a half hour in the past 20 years.

More : Full-time employees worked an average 40.5 hours per week in 2015 …

Proportion of women in executive positions unchanged at 29%

In 2014, 29% of the executive positions in Germany were held by women. Compared with the previous two years, the proportion remained nearly unchanged. In this context, Germany ranked in the lower third of all Member States of the European Union (EU). On an EU average, roughly one in three executives was a woman (33%).

More : Proportion of women in executive positions unchanged at 29% …

AllePressemitteilungen


Commuters: infrastructure more important than petrol prices

Germany has witnessed an employment boom since 2005. This implies that an increasing number of people have to travel from home to work every day. The number of commuters has risen by approximately 11% between 2004 and 2012, an increase which is comparable to the surge in the total number of persons in employment.

How people commute depends above all on their personal housing and family situation and on the regional labour market and transport infrastructure conditions. Commuters choose a means of transport not mainly out of ecological awareness or because of rising petrol prices. The existing infrastructure, which changes only slowly over time, seems to be far more important. Many persons in employment accept the everyday reality of many commuters – be it traffic jams or packed buses and trains – because there is nothing else they can do.

The new STATmagazin informs you about current commuting structures in Germany and shows the differences of commuting in densely populated areas and in the country.

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