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Employment

43.8 million persons in employment in November 2016

In November 2016, roughly 43.8 million persons resident in Germany were in employment. Compared with November 2015, the number of persons in employment increased by 305,000 or 0.7%. Although employment rose further compared with one year earlier, the increase slowed notably in the second half-year. Having amounted to 1.1% in June 2016, the year-on-year rate of change was down to 0.9% in July and 0.8% in the months of August to October to stand at 0.7% in November. Approximately 1.7 million people were unemployed in November 2016, 234,000 fewer than a year earlier.

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Number of persons in employment increased by one percent in 2016

On an annual average in 2016, roughly 43.4 million persons resident in Germany were in employment. The number of persons in employment in 2016 was higher by 425,000, or 1.0%, than in the previous year. Hence, the employment increase observed for over ten years continued. The increase in 2016 was even larger than in 2015 (+377,000 people, or +0.9%). The total number of persons in employment in 2016 reached the highest level since German reunification. Higher labour force participation of the domestic population and the immigration of foreign workers offset negative demographic effects.

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Employment rate of 65 to 69-year-olds markedly higher

The employment rate of 65 to 69-year olds in Germany rose from 6.5% to 14.5% between 2005 and 2015. To coincide with the International Day of Older Persons, the reports that the share of people in employment has more than doubled in that age group.

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Women and Men

Full-time employees worked an average 40.5 hours per week in 2015

In Germany, people employed full-time worked 40.5 hours on average in 2015. The average number of usual weekly working hours of both part-time and full-time employees has risen by a half hour in the past 20 years.

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Atypical Employment

Number of people in standard employment continues to increase

The number of people in standard employment rose by roughly 317,000 to 24.8 million in 2015. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that the number of people in standard employment as a proportion of the core group of persons in employment increased to 68.7% compared with the previous year (2014: 68.3%). The significance of standard employment has been increasing for some years now, up from 65.4% in 2006.

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In FOCUS / 2016-08-23

Immigrants: good command of German important for integration in the labour market

Net immigration in 2015 (1.16 million foreigners) was the highest in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany. For immigrants who are granted the right to stay in Germany, integration in the labour market is important. A good command of German is crucial here.

The total employment rate of immigrants not born in Germany was about 69% in 2014. Immigrants with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of 52%. It increased continuously with better language skills, reaching 77% among immigrants speaking fluent German (native population: 80%).

Especially for women who were born abroad and immigrated to Germany, learning the language is crucial for integration in the labour market. Women with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of just 36%. As they learned the language, their employment rate increased and reached 72% among female immigrants speaking fluent German (native women: 76%).

For detailed information please refer to our STATmagazin.

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Women and Men

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Microcensus, Labour Force Survey

Employment statistics

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