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Labour market

Theme in brief

Employment

Employment is a major source to secure the livelihood of individuals and families. It allows their participation in social life, and for many people it is an important precondition for satisfaction and a high quality of life.

The core of employment statistics at the Federal Statistical Office is employment accounts as part of national accounts and the microcensus with the labour force survey integrated into it. The employment statistics of the Federal Employment Agency provide data on employees subject to social insurance contributions.

Current

Emplyment accounts

February 2014: employment up 0.8% on a year earlier

In February 2014, roughly 41.7 million persons resident in Germany were in employment. Compared with February 2013, this was an increase of 315,000 persons or 0.8%. The corresponding growth rate was +0.6% in the months October to December 2013, while it was +0.7% in January 2014. The mild winter was one of the factors contributing to this development.

More : February 2014: employment up 0.8% on a year earlier …

42.2 million persons in employment in 4th quarter of 2013

In the fourth quarter of 2013, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to roughly 42.2 million according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office. Compared with the fourth quarter of 2012, the number of persons in employment increased by 243,000 or 0.6% to a new peak.

More : 42.2 million persons in employment in 4th quarter of 2013 …

Labour force survey / microcensus

Half of the 60 to 64-year-olds were active on the labour market in 2012

The labour force participation of older people has considerably increased in the past few years. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) on the basis of microcensus results, almost half (49.6%) of the 60 to 64-year-olds were active on the labour market in 2012. Their share has almost doubled compared with the situation ten years earlier (2002: 25.1%). Labour force participation covers both persons in employment and unemployed persons.

More : Half of the 60 to 64-year-olds were active on the labour market in 2012 …

Commuters: 66% of the persons in employment go to work by car

The car is still the most important means of transport for people to go to work. In 2012, about 65.9% of the persons in employment regularly went to work by car. 14.0% of the persons in employment used public means of transport for their journey to work.

More : Commuters: 66% of the persons in employment go to work by car …

Atypical employment declines while overall employment increases in 2012

In 2012, the number of people in atypical employment declined by 146,000 compared, on the basis of its microcensus results, with a year earlier.

More : Atypical employment declines while overall employment increases in 2012 …

In Focus

Differences between employment accounts and census 2011

2011 Census: why are there differences?

Employment accounts

The number of persons in employment as determined by employment accounts differs from the relevant figure of the 2011 Census.
The differences are mainly due to the different methods and procedures applied in the census and in employment accounts, although some of them are caused by definitions that are not completely identical. More>

Labour force survey/microcensus

The number of persons in employment as ascertained by the microcensus and the labour force survey integrated in it is close to the relevant figure of the 2011 Census. Nevertheless, due to the differences in questionnaire design, sampling methodology and procedure, the comparability between the two sets of statistics is limited. More>

Additional Information

Key figures

Presse releases

February 2014: employment up 0.8% on a year earlier

Female employment in Germany clearly above EU average

Nearly 2 million inactives would like to work

2011 Census

Zensus

On 31 May 2013, the statistical offices released first results of the 2011 Census.

© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2014