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Labour market

Theme in brief

Employment

Employment is a major source to secure the livelihood of individuals and families. It allows their participation in social life, and for many people it is an important precondition for satisfaction and a high quality of life.

The core of employment statistics at the Federal Statistical Office is employment accounts as part of national accounts and the microcensus with the labour force survey integrated into it. The employment statistics of the Federal Employment Agency provide data on employees subject to social insurance contributions.

Current

Employment accounts

Employment continued to increase slightly in July 2015

In July 2015, roughly 42.8 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations. Compared with the previous month, this was an increase of 156,000 or 0.4%. The growth rate remained unchanged for the fourth consecutive month. Roughly 1.9 million people were unemployed in July 2015, 13,000 fewer than a year earlier. 

More : Employment continued to increase slightly in July 2015 …

42.8 million persons in employment in 2nd quarter of 2015

In the second quarter of 2015, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to roughly 42.8 million according to provisional calculations. Compared with the second quarter of 2014, the number of persons in employment increased by 175,000. It was again higher than a year earlier, although the momentum slowed down. The increase in the second quarter of 2015 (+0.4%) was lower than the growth recorded in the previous quarters (first quarter of 2015: +0.6%, fourth quarter of 2014: +0.8%, third quarter of 2014: +0.9%, second quarter of 2014: +1.0%, each on a year earlier). 

More : 42.8 million persons in employment in 2nd quarter of 2015 …

Labour force survey / microcensus

Standard employment increasing in importance

The number of persons in standard employment rose by roughly 452,000 to 24.5 million in 2014. Based on results of the microcensus,the proportion of people in standard employment in the core of persons in employment increased to 68.3% (2013: 67.5%) compared with the previous year.

More : Standard employment increasing in importance …

Youth unemployment in Germany is the lowest in the EU

In 2014, roughly 330,000 young people aged 15 to 24 years were unemployed in Germany, according to results of the labour force survey.

More : Youth unemployment in Germany is the lowest in the EU …

2014: Employment of older people is increasing

In Germany, 14% of those aged 65 to 69 years were in employment in 2014. In 2005, the rate had been 6%. "The employment rate of older people has more than doubled within a short time". Also, self-employment gains in importance with increasing age. Roughly 39% of the 65 to 69 year olds in employment were self-employed or family workers in 2014. Among the 60 to 64 year old persons in employment, the figure was just 16%.

More : 2014: Employment of older people is increasing …

AllePressemitteilungen


In FOCUS / 2014-08-21

Recalculation of the numbers of persons in employment

From September 2014, national accounts all over Europe will have to be compiled in accordance with the provisions of the European System of National and Regional Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010). Introducing the ESA 2010 at the national level involves a major revision of national accounts. At the same time, the time series previously published from employment accounts of the Federal Statistical Office have been revised, too.

In addition to the information provided at the national accounts theme pages on the 2014 revision of national accounts, separate information on the recalculation of the numbers of persons in employment in Germany is given in the paper "Information on the recalculation of the numbers of persons in employment in Germany as part of the 2014 revision of national accounts".

Commuters: infrastructure more important than petrol prices

Germany has witnessed an employment boom since 2005. This implies that an increasing number of people have to travel from home to work every day. The number of commuters has risen by approximately 11% between 2004 and 2012, an increase which is comparable to the surge in the total number of persons in employment.

How people commute depends above all on their personal housing and family situation and on the regional labour market and transport infrastructure conditions. Commuters choose a means of transport not mainly out of ecological awareness or because of rising petrol prices. The existing infrastructure, which changes only slowly over time, seems to be far more important. Many persons in employment accept the everyday reality of many commuters – be it traffic jams or packed buses and trains – because there is nothing else they can do.

The new STATmagazin informs you about current commuting structures in Germany and shows the differences of commuting in densely populated areas and in the country.

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