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Labour market

Theme in brief

Employment

Employment is a major source to secure the livelihood of individuals and families. It allows their participation in social life, and for many people it is an important precondition for satisfaction and a high quality of life.

The core of employment statistics at the Federal Statistical Office is employment accounts as part of national accounts and the microcensus with the labour force survey integrated into it. The employment statistics of the Federal Employment Agency provide data on employees subject to social insurance contributions.

Current

Employment accounts

December 2015: positive labour market figures again

In December 2015, roughly 43.3 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with the same month a year earlier, the number of persons in employment increased by 441,000, or 1.0%, in December. Roughly 1.9 million people were unemployed in December 2015, 6,000 fewer than a year earlier. 

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Number of persons in employment increased to 43 million in 2015

On an annual average in 2015, roughly 43.0 million persons resident in Germany were in employment. The number of persons in employment in 2015 was higher by 324,000, or 0.8%, than in the previous year, according to first provisional calculations. The growth in employment, which has been observed for over 10 years, continued - although in 2015 the increase was slightly smaller than in 2014 (+0.9%). The total number of persons in employment has now reached the highest level since German reunification. Higher labour force participation of the domestic population and the immigration of foreign workers offset negative demographic effects.

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Labour force survey / microcensus

Germany's employment rate is the second highest in the EU

This picture shows two port workers between containers (© iStockphoto.com / sanjeri)

In 2014, the employment rate of 20 to 64 year olds was 78% in Germany. Hence Germany ranked second after Sweden (80%) in the EU.

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One in two full-time self-employed people work excessive working hours

This picture shows a man at work (© photographee.eu - Fotolia.com)

In 2014, more than half of all self-employed people working full-time (53.0%) indicated that they usually worked more than 48 hours per week. In accordance with international conventions, this is regarded as working excessive working hours. The relevant proportion among full-time employees was only 7.0%.

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Standard employment increasing in importance

The number of persons in standard employment rose by roughly 452,000 to 24.5 million in 2014. Based on results of the microcensus,the proportion of people in standard employment in the core of persons in employment increased to 68.3% (2013: 67.5%) compared with the previous year.

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AllePressemitteilungen


Commuters: infrastructure more important than petrol prices

Germany has witnessed an employment boom since 2005. This implies that an increasing number of people have to travel from home to work every day. The number of commuters has risen by approximately 11% between 2004 and 2012, an increase which is comparable to the surge in the total number of persons in employment.

How people commute depends above all on their personal housing and family situation and on the regional labour market and transport infrastructure conditions. Commuters choose a means of transport not mainly out of ecological awareness or because of rising petrol prices. The existing infrastructure, which changes only slowly over time, seems to be far more important. Many persons in employment accept the everyday reality of many commuters – be it traffic jams or packed buses and trains – because there is nothing else they can do.

The new STATmagazin informs you about current commuting structures in Germany and shows the differences of commuting in densely populated areas and in the country.

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