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Labour market

Theme in brief

Employment

Employment is a major source to secure the livelihood of individuals and families. It allows their participation in social life, and for many people it is an important precondition for satisfaction and a high quality of life.

The core of employment statistics at the Federal Statistical Office is employment accounts as part of national accounts and the microcensus with the labour force survey integrated into it. The employment statistics of the Federal Employment Agency provide data on employees subject to social insurance contributions.

Current

Employment accounts

February 2015: employment up 0.9% on a year earlier

In February the positive development on the labour market continued. Roughly 42.5 million persons resident in Germany were in employment in February 2015. Compared with February 2014, this was an increase of 386,000 persons or 0.9%. The year-on-year increase in employment in the months of October 2014 to January 2015 was slightly larger (+1.0% each).

More : February 2015: employment up 0.9% on a year earlier …

Over 43 million persons in employment in 4th quarter of 2014

In the fourth quarter of 2014, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to over 43 million for the first time since German reunification, according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office. Compared with the fourth quarter of 2013, the number of persons in employment increased by 412,000 or 1.0%. In the second and third quarters of 2014, the year-on-year rate of increase was 0.9% each.

More : Over 43 million persons in employment in 4th quarter of 2014 …

Labour force survey / microcensus

Unused labour supply: 6.3 million people want to work (more)

In 2013, roughly 6.3 million people aged 15 to 74 years wanted to have a job or to work more hours. Based on the labour force survey, this unused labour supply comprised 2.2 million unemployed persons, 1.0 million people in the hidden labour force and 3.1 million underemployed persons.

More : Unused labour supply: 6.3 million people want to work (more) …

Continued slight decline in atypical employment in 2013

In 2013, the number of people in atypical employment decreased by 71,000 to 7.64 million compared with a year earlier.

More : Continued slight decline in atypical employment in 2013 …

Half of the 60 to 64-year-olds were active on the labour market in 2012

The labour force participation of older people has considerably increased in the past few years. The basis of microcensus results, almost half (49.6%) of the 60 to 64-year-olds were active on the labour market in 2012.

More : Half of the 60 to 64-year-olds were active on the labour market in 2012 …

AllePressemitteilungen


In FOCUS / 2014-08-21

Recalculation of the numbers of persons in employment

From September 2014, national accounts all over Europe will have to be compiled in accordance with the provisions of the European System of National and Regional Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010). Introducing the ESA 2010 at the national level involves a major revision of national accounts. At the same time, the time series previously published from employment accounts of the Federal Statistical Office have been revised, too.

In addition to the information provided at the national accounts theme pages on the 2014 revision of national accounts, separate information on the recalculation of the numbers of persons in employment in Germany is given in the paper "Information on the recalculation of the numbers of persons in employment in Germany as part of the 2014 revision of national accounts".

Commuters: infrastructure more important than petrol prices

Germany has witnessed an employment boom since 2005. This implies that an increasing number of people have to travel from home to work every day. The number of commuters has risen by approximately 11% between 2004 and 2012, an increase which is comparable to the surge in the total number of persons in employment.

How people commute depends above all on their personal housing and family situation and on the regional labour market and transport infrastructure conditions. Commuters choose a means of transport not mainly out of ecological awareness or because of rising petrol prices. The existing infrastructure, which changes only slowly over time, seems to be far more important. Many persons in employment accept the everyday reality of many commuters – be it traffic jams or packed buses and trains – because there is nothing else they can do.

The new STATmagazin informs you about current commuting structures in Germany and shows the differences of commuting in densely populated areas and in the country.

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