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Employment

Employment continued to increase at a slower pace in the 4th quarter of 2016

In the fourth quarter of 2016, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to roughly 43.7 million according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with the fourth quarter of 2015, the number of persons in employment increased by 267,000 or 0.6%. Thus employment continued to increase in the fourth quarter of 2016, albeit at a slower pace than in the preceding quarters. In the first quarter of 2016, the year-on-year rate of increase was 1.3%, in the second quarter 1.2% and in the third quarter 0.8%.

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December 2016: employment up 0.5% on a year earlier

In December 2016, roughly 43.5 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations. Compared with December 2015, the number of persons in employment increased by 238,000. Although employment rose further compared with one year earlier, the increase slowed notably in the second half-year. Having amounted to 1.1% in June 2016, the year-on-year rate of change was down to 0.5% in December. Roughly 1.5 million people were unemployed in December 2016, 359,000 fewer than a year earlier.

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People in employment would like to increase their working time by 0.5 hours (current average: 35.6 hours)

The usual weekly working hours of all persons in employment aged 15 to 74 years, measured as the total of main and secondary activities, amounted to an average of 35.6 hours in 2015.

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Women and Men

Full-time employees worked an average 40.5 hours per week in 2015

In Germany, people employed full-time worked 40.5 hours on average in 2015. The average number of usual weekly working hours of both part-time and full-time employees has risen by a half hour in the past 20 years.

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Atypical Employment

Number of people in standard employment continues to increase

The number of people in standard employment rose by roughly 317,000 to 24.8 million in 2015. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that the number of people in standard employment as a proportion of the core group of persons in employment increased to 68.7% compared with the previous year (2014: 68.3%). The significance of standard employment has been increasing for some years now, up from 65.4% in 2006.

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In FOCUS / 2016-08-23

Immigrants: good command of German important for integration in the labour market

Net immigration in 2015 (1.16 million foreigners) was the highest in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany. For immigrants who are granted the right to stay in Germany, integration in the labour market is important. A good command of German is crucial here.

The total employment rate of immigrants not born in Germany was about 69% in 2014. Immigrants with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of 52%. It increased continuously with better language skills, reaching 77% among immigrants speaking fluent German (native population: 80%).

Especially for women who were born abroad and immigrated to Germany, learning the language is crucial for integration in the labour market. Women with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of just 36%. As they learned the language, their employment rate increased and reached 72% among female immigrants speaking fluent German (native women: 76%).

For detailed information please refer to our STATmagazin.

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Microcensus, Labour Force Survey

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