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Labour market

Employment

Employment

Number of persons in employment up 1.2% in October 2018 year on year

In October 2018, just over 45.1 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). This was a record high since German reunification. Compared with October 2017, the number of persons in employment increased by 1.2% (+556,000). In October 2018, roughly 1.4 million people were unemployed, 180,000 fewer than a year earlier.

More : Number of persons in employment up 1.2% in October 2018 year on year …

Germany has the second highest employment rate in the EU

In 2017, 79% of the 20 to 64 year olds in Germany were in employment, which was the second highest rate in the EU after Sweden (82%). The EU average was 72%. The employment rate measures the age-specific proportions of the population who are in employment.

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Persons in employment are 44 years on average

In 2017, the average age of persons in employment in Germany was 44, which is roughly 4 years more than two decades ago. The average age of working men and women was almost the same in 2017. Based on recent microcensus results, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that there were considerable differences between self-employed and employees, and between individual professions.

More : Persons in employment are 44 years on average …

Women and Men

Growing numbers of women earn their own living

In 2016, own employment was the main source of livelihood for roughly 72% of the women aged between 25 and 55 years. To mark the International Women's Day on 8 March, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this figure was much lower, at 64%, ten years earlier. In eastern Germany, own employment was the main source of livelihood for approximately 77% of the women in 2016, as compared with 70% in western Germany.

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11% of the people in full-time employment had excessive working hours in 2016

People spend many hours a day at work – often more time than is available for their families and leisure activities. In 2016, people in full-time employment worked an average of 41 hours per week.11% of the people in full-time employment usually worked even more than 48 hours per week. This is regarded as excessive working hours.

More : 11% of the people in full-time employment had excessive working hours in 2016 …

Atypical Employment

Proportion of standard employment remained stable in 2017

There were approximately 25.8 million persons in standard employment in 2017. This was a rise of 116,000 people year on year. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that the number of people in standard employment as a proportion of the core group of persons in employment remained relatively stable at 69.3% (2016: 69,2%).

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Atypical employment remains unchanged at 21%

One in five people in employment aged 15 to 64 years (20.7%) were in atypical employment in 2016. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that the proportion of people in atypical employment remained nearly unchanged in the last three years (2015: 20.8%, 2014: 20.9%). Standard employment, too, was close to the previous year's level (2015: 68.7%), standing at 69.2% in 2016. Self-employed people accounted for 9.9% and unpaid family workers for 0.3%.

More : Atypical employment remains unchanged at 21% …

Commuter

14% of persons in employment use public transport

In 2016, approximately 14% of all persons in employment regularly used public means of transport to get to work.

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In FOCUS / 2016-08-23

Immigrants: good command of German important for integration in the labour market

Net immigration in 2015 (1.16 million foreigners) was the highest in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany. For immigrants who are granted the right to stay in Germany, integration in the labour market is important. A good command of German is crucial here.

The total employment rate of immigrants not born in Germany was about 69% in 2014. Immigrants with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of 52%. It increased continuously with better language skills, reaching 77% among immigrants speaking fluent German (native population: 80%).

Especially for women who were born abroad and immigrated to Germany, learning the language is crucial for integration in the labour market. Women with basic knowledge of German had an employment rate of just 36%. As they learned the language, their employment rate increased and reached 72% among female immigrants speaking fluent German (native women: 76%).

For detailed information please refer to our STATmagazin.

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Women and Men

Tables

Microcensus, Labour Force Survey

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