The number of unemployed persons is the central supply indicator of the labour market. It shows the number of people who are willing and able to work, but currently have no job. Unemployment can exactly be defined in different ways.
The most prominent figure in public awareness in Germany generally is the number of registered unemployed as published by the Federal Employment Agency. A figure suitable for examining trends and international comparisons is the number of unemployed according to the concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO). This figure does not depend on varying provisions of social law.
The number of unemployed persons in Germany, as in the other EU countries, is counted through the labour force survey (LFS). In this survey, unemployment is based on the definition of the International Labour Organization (ILO).
The Federal Employment Agency publishes the monthly statistics of registered unemployed containing data on registered unemployment in Germany and its structures. The definition of unemployed in these statistics is based on the Social Code, Book III.
In 2012, almost 2 million inactives aged 20 to 64 years wished they had a job.
: Nearly 2 million inactives would like to work …
Results of the labour force survey show that there were 2.36 million unemployed in January 2014, representing a decrease of 137,000, or 5.6%, on January 2013.
: The labour market in January 2014 …
Unemployed, unemployment rate related to total civilian labour force
Unemployed ILO-Conzept, Monthly data, Long term series from 2007
On 31 May 2013, the statistical offices released first results of the 2011 Census.
© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2014