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National accounts, domestic product

European Union (EU) Stability Pact

Deficit ratios of EU-Member States Net borrowing (-) / net lending (+) in % of Gross domestic product1
Region2014201520162017
1 October 2018 EDP notification.
Source: Eurostat, October 2018.
Belgium-3.1-2.5-2.4-0.9
Germany0.60.80.91.0
Greece-3.6-5.60.50.8
Spain-6.0-5.3-4.5-3.1
France-3.9-3.6-3.5-2.7
Ireland-3.6-1.9-0.5-0.2
Italy-3.0-2.6-2.5-2.4
Cyprus-9.0-1.30.31.8
Luxembourg1.31.31.61.4
Malta-1.7-1.00.93.5
Netherlands-2.2-2.00.01.2
Austria-2.7-1.0-1.6-0.8
Portugal-7.2-4.4-2.0-3.0
Slovenia-5.5-2.8-1.90.1
Slovakia-2.7-2.6-2.2-0.8
Finland-3.2-2.8-1.7-0.7
Estonia0.70.1-0.3-0.4
Latvia-1.5-1.40.1-0.6
Lithuania-0.6-0.30.30.5
Euro area
Total-2.5-2.0-1.6-1.0
Czech Republic-2.1-0.60.71.5
Denmark1.1-1.5-0.41.1
Hungary-2.6-1.9-1.6-2.2
Poland-3.7-2.7-2.2-1.4
Sweden-1.60.21.11.6
United Kingdom-5.4-4.2-2.9-1.8
Bulgaria-5.4-1.70.21.1
Romania-1.3-0.7-2.9-2.9
Croatia-5.1-3.4-0.90.9
EU-Member States
Total-2.9-2.3-1.7-1.0

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