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National accounts

European Union (EU) Stability Pact

Deficit ratios of EU-Member States Net borrowing (-) / net lending (+) in % of Gross domestic product1
Region2012201320142015
1 October 2016 EDP notification.
Source: Eurostat, October 2016.
Belgium-4.2-3.0-3.1-2.5
Germany0.0-0.20.30.7
Greece-8.8-13.2-3.6-7.5
Spain-10.5-7.0-6.0-5.1
France-4.8-4.0-4.0-3.5
Ireland-8.0-5.7-3.7-1.9
Italy-2.9-2.7-3.0-2.6
Cyprus-5.8-4.9-8.8-1.1
Luxembourg0.31.01.51.6
Malta-3.6-2.6-2.1-1.4
Netherlands-3.9-2.4-2.3-1.9
Austria-2.2-1.4-2.7-1.0
Portugal-5.7-4.8-7.2-4.4
Slovenia-4.1-15.0-5.0-2.7
Slovakia-4.3-2.7-2.7-2.7
Finland-2.2-2.6-3.2-2.8
Estonia-0.3-0.20.70.1
Latvia-0.8-0.9-1.6-1.3
Lithuania-3.1-2.6-0.7-0.2
Euro area
Total-3.6-3.0-2.6-2.1
Czech Republic-3.9-1.2-1.9-0.6
Denmark-3.5-1.11.5-1.7
Hungary-2.3-2.6-2.1-1.6
Poland-3.7-4.1-3.4-2.6
Sweden-1.0-1.4-1.60.2
United Kingdom-8.3-5.7-5.7-4.3
Bulgaria-0.3-0.4-5.5-1.7
Romania-3.7-2.1-0.8-0.8
Croatia-5.3-5.3-5.4-3.3
EU-Member States
Total-4.3-3.3-3.0-2.4

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