National accounts are an indispensable set of tools for economic monitoring.
They provide a comprehensive quantitative picture of economic development. National accounts consist of domestic product calculation, input-output accounts, national wealth accounts, employment accounts, labour volume accounts and financial accounts.
National accounts data are used to check whether the targets of the Stability and Growth Pact "EU Stability Pact" are met.
The gross domestic product (GDP) is internationally used as a central aggregate to measure the economic performance. It has proven useful especially for short-term economic analyses. The rate of change of the real gross domestic product (GDP) is what generally is referred to as economic growth. The gross domestic product is calculated for quarters and years. In selected internet tables, you will find annual data on the main economic aggregates and the main results of the production, use and distribution approaches to calculating GDP. Selected tables on the quarterly GDP are available under short-term indicators.
In the Euro Stability Pact, thresholds have been defined for some economic key figures. Meeting them should ensure fiscal stability in the euro area. When a member state exceeds the thresholds, the "excessive deficit procedure" is initiated which may result in the relevant state having to pay fines to the amount of billions of euros. Due to the worldwide financial crisis in 2008, most EU countries, including Germany, did not meet the thresholds. In relevant tables, you will find results over time for individual countries.
Input-output accounts are used to show product flows and production-related interactions within a national economy as well as between the domestic economy and the rest of the world. This is done by means of supply tables, use tables and input-output tables. Input-output accounts are important for structural analyses and descriptions of structural change. Also, they are used as a basis for model and simulation calculations as well as forecasts. In addition to current tables, you will find explanations on input-output accounts and results of input-output analyses.
The level, composition and change of assets is what national wealth accounts are about. The Federal Statistical Office provides only selected data on non-financial assets, in particular on the stock of fixed assets and on the stock of consumer durables of households. In addition to tables by type of fixed assets, you will find an interactive "age pyramid" of the gross stock of fixed assets. Detailed tables by durable consumer good illustrate the stock of consumer durables of households. Financial assets are ascertained by Deutsche Bundesbank.
The German economy continued to grow moderately at the end of the year. The gross domestic product (GDP) increased by 0.4% – upon price, seasonal and calendar adjustment – in the fourth quarter of 2013 compared with the third quarter of 2013.
: Detailed gross domestic product results for the 4th quarter of 2013 …
Release dates for national accounts
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