Normal view

Navigation and service

Logo Destatis - Statistisches Bundesamt, Link to homepage

Education, research, culture

Research and Development

Expenditure on research and development in 2016, by Land and sector - Expressed as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)1
LandGovernment sector,
private non-profit
institutions
Higher education
sector
Business enterprise
sector
Total
1 Gross domestic product (GDP) as of: March 2018 for the Länder, February 2018 for Germany.
2 Including resources which cannot be apportioned.

Sources: Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden; Stifterverband Wissenschaftsstatistik, Essen;
Working Group on the National Accounts of the Länder.
Baden-Württemberg0.400.524.014.92
Bayern0.310.442.423.17
Berlin1.120.931.443.49
Brandenburg0.760.360.611.73
Bremen1.040.781.022.84
Hamburg0.440.541.252.22
Hessen0.270.452.162.88
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern0.640.600.601.85
Niedersachsen0.360.532.433.31
Nordrhein-Westfalen0.300.541.131.98
Rheinland-Pfalz0.170.461.802.44
Saarland0.340.540.671.55
Sachsen0.770.761.172.71
Sachsen-Anhalt0.490.590.371.46
Schleswig-Holstein0.330.390.771.49
Thüringen0.470.600.982.05
Germany20.400.532.002.93

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2018

Imprint – data protection – contact

Note on the use of cookies

We use cookies to provide you with an optimum website design. Please confirm that you have read and understood our data protection declaration.

OK