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Education, research, culture

Research and Development

Expenditure on research and development by sector, in million euros
Reference
year
Government sector
and private non-profit
institutions1
Higher education
sector
Business enterprise
sector
Total
1 Up to 2010 including external expenditure on research and development.
Source: Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden; Stifterverband Wissenschaftsstatistik, Essen.
20057,8679,36138,65155,879
20068,1569,66341,14858,967
20078,5409,92743,03461,501
20089,34611,17546,07366,594
20099,93211,87145,27567,078
201010,35412,73146,92970,014
201110,97413,51851,07775,569
201211,34113,98053,79079,110
201311,86214,30253,56679,729
201412,32014,93056,99684,246
201512,48615,34460,95288,782

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2017

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