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Theme in brief

Court & personnel

The judicial system comprises several branches, namely constitutional jurisdiction, general jurisdiction (civil, family and criminal law matters) and special jurisdiction (labour, administrative, fiscal and social law matters). Besides, there are some special service and disciplinary courts for members of certain occupations.

The main actors in the German legal system are independent judges who are subject only to the law, senior judicial officers, public prosecutors (some of them working at local courts) who act as counsels for the prosecution in criminal proceedings, and lawyers as authorised representatives in court of the parties to the proceedings.

Additional Information

Key figures

Defendants convicted2013755,938
Judges (31.03.)201356,641
First-instance proceedings
Civil courts20131,487,474
Family courts2013668,713
Criminal courts2013736,029


Piktogramm Presse

For current press releases on the theme of justice please go to our press pages.

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