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Population

Migration & integration

Naturalisations

1.7% increase in naturalisations in 2017

Roughly 112,200 foreigners became naturalised German citizens in 2017. This was the highest number since 2013. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was an increase of just over 1,800, or 1.7%, compared with a year earlier.

More : 1.7% increase in naturalisations in 2017 …

Foreign
population

Delayed registrations in the Central Register of Foreigners: Addition to the press release "Foreign population increased by 5.8% in 2017"

There were roughly 585,000 people more on the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR) at the end of 2017 than at the end of 2016. However, this figure must not be interpreted as net immigration of the year 2017 as the increase also includes a considerable number of delayed registrations. Roughly 316,000 registrations and approximately 90,000 de-registrations were carried out with delay in 2017. Most of the delayed registrations (297,000 cases) were arrivals from abroad before the year 2017 which were entered in the Central Register of Foreigners only in 2017. Therefore, please consider the following when interpreting the foreign population figures from the Central Register of Foreigners:

More : Delayed registrations in the Central Register of Foreigners: Addition to the press release "Foreign population increased by 5.8% in 2017" …

Integration
indicators

Integration indicators 2005 to 2016: people with a migrant background continue to be disadvantaged

People with a migrant background continue to differ clearly from those without a migrant background in terms of education, labour market participation and income. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that, regarding several central integration indicators, the differences between people with and without a migrant background have remained unchanged since 2005.

More : Integration indicators 2005 to 2016: people with a migrant background continue to be disadvantaged …

Persons seeking
protection

1.6 million people seeking protection in Germany at the end of 2016

On 31 December 2016, 1.6 million people seeking protection were registered in Germany. They accounted for 16% of the country's foreign population. Based on the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR), the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the number of people seeking protection increased by 851,000 (+113%) since the end of 2014. People seeking protection are foreigners who, referring to humanitarian reasons, are staying in Germany.

More : 1.6 million people seeking protection in Germany at the end of 2016 …

Migration
background

8.5% increase in the population with a migrant background

In 2016, the population with a migrant background reached a new record high for the fifth time in a row. Based on results of the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that roughly 18.6 million people in Germany had a migrant background in 2016. This was a year-on-year rise of 8.5%, which was the highest increase since recording began in 2005.

More : 8.5% increase in the population with a migrant background …

Marked differences in housing conditions between people with and without a migrant background

In 2014, the housing conditions of people with a migrant background differed markedly from those of people without a migrant background in Germany. Based on the microcensus, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that people with a migrant background lived in their own home much less often (34.5%) than people without a migrant background (54.8%).

More : Marked differences in housing conditions between people with and without a migrant background …

AllePressemitteilungen


Infographic: People seeking protection

Persons seeking protection are identified in the Central Register of Foreigners based on their status under residence law. The infographics on persons seeking protection explain the approach to categorising these people by their protection status (unsettled, recognised or refused) and the major concepts used in this context.

Pfeil

Infographic: People seeking protection

Tables

Additional Information

Key Figures

Persons with a migration background201618.6 mn
Foreign population201710.6 mn
Turkey20171.5 mn
Poland2017866,855
Syria2017698,950
Persons seeking protection20161.6 mn
Syria2016454,815
Afghanistan2016190,880
Iraq2016156,455
Naturalisations2017112,211

Data on refugees

Logo: Refugees: Population

On our special page you will find information on people seeking refuge.

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2018

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