The change over time in the current population characterises the population development in Germany. In the course of a year, the number of inhabitants increases through births and arrivals from abroad and, at the same time, decreases through deaths and departures to other countries. In Germany, there has been a birth deficit for quite some time because every year more people die than are born. Under migration, data are shown on people who have left Germany or who have come here. A crucial factor for the population development is the difference between arrivals and departures, that is, net migration.
Long-term policy and planning must be based on well-founded expectations of future population development. Population projections are available for the purpose
Women, men, children, single persons, opposite-sex or same-sex couples and families – there are manifold ways of life in Germany. Marriage, divorce and starting a family are private decisions which, however, have an impact on society. The number and structure of households are relevant, for example, when ascertaining the demand for dwellings. To estimate the future number of households, household projections are made – similar to projections of the overall population.
There is a great cultural diversity of people living together in Germany. People from nearly all countries of the world live here and have an impact on society. Long-term and targeted migration and integration policies need valid and up-to-date information on people with a migrant background or with foreign roots – that is data on all people who (or whose ancestors) have come to Germany from other countries.
The section migration and integration contains data on common features of, and differences between people with and without migrant background. Comparisons refer to demographic and socio-economic variables such as education and labour force participation, old-age provision or living together in families and households.
Data on cross-border migration of immigrants and emigrants by country of destination and origin as well as by citizenship are shown under migration.
Country of former citizenship retained or not retained
Long Term Series
Live births, deaths, excess of live births or deaths (from 1950)
Life expectancy of the Länder
Life expectancy of the Länder at birth and at the age of 60
For current press releases on the theme of population please go to our press pages.
On our special page you will find information on people seeking refuge.
What is ... / What are ...
Explanations of terms
Monthly birth figures
Birth rates and tempo effect
Development of birth
© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2016
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