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Theme in brief

Population development

The change over time in the current population characterises the population development in Germany. In the course of a year, the number of inhabitants increases through births and arrivals from abroad and, at the same time, decreases through deaths and departures to other countries. In Germany, there has been a birth deficit for quite some time because every year more people die than are born. Under migration, data are shown on people who have left Germany or who have come here. A crucial factor for the population development is the difference between arrivals and departures, that is, net migration.
Long-term policy and planning must be based on well-founded expectations of future population development. Population projections are available for the purpose


Migration, integration


Persons with a migration background

Foreign population by



Additional Information

Key figures

Population (31.03.)201581.3 mn
Live births2014714,927
Net migration2014+550,483
Households201440.2 mn
Families with minor children20148.1 mn
Population with migrant background201420.3%


Piktogramm Presse

For current press releases on the theme of population please go to our press pages.

Data on refugees

Logo: Refugees: Population

On our special page you will find information on people seeking refuge.

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