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Population

Population projection

Population projection
Germany

Currently high immigration cannot reverse population ageing

The current high immigration has only limited effects on the long-term population trends. It is mainly reflected in short-term population growth, but cannot reverse the trend towards increased population ageing. The current age structure of the population is expected to have a stronger impact on the demographic development in the next three decades than the balance of immigration to and emigration from Germany. High net immigration can however slow the pace and lessen the extent of population ageing.

More : Currently high immigration cannot reverse population ageing …

New projection of Germany's population by 2060

In the long term, a decline in Germany's population is inevitable. The number of deaths will increasingly exceed the number of births. The positive balance of immigration into and emigration from Germany cannot close this gap for good. As the President of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), Roderich Egeler, stated at a press conference to present the results of the 13th coordinated population projection, the country's 2013 population of 80.8 million was expected to increase, depending on the assumed extent of net immigration, over a period of five to seven years and to decline afterwards.

More : New projection of Germany's population by 2060 …

Population projection
by Länder

One in three eastern Germans will be over 64 as early as 2030

The population of the eastern German non-city Länder will age considerably in the 20 years to come in spite of net immigration. Based on the 13th coordinated population projection by Länder, the number of over 64-year-olds as a share of the total population in the new Länder is expected to increase from 24% in 2013 to at least 32% by 2030. Then the proportion will rise only slightly until 2060 to a minimum of 34%.

More : One in three eastern Germans will be over 64 as early as 2030 …

New: animated population pyramid

Our animated population pyramid gives you an overview of the population structure in Germany by age and sex. With this interactive application you can monitor the change of the age structure from 1950 to 2060, focussing on a specific age cohort. You may also view various age groups and their share in the overall population, the median age and the old-age dependency ratio.

From 2014 the application is based on the results of the 13th coordinated population projection for Germany. It comprises four selected variants with different assumptions about the future population development. You may "fix" one of the variants and then compare how the age structure would be altered, for instance, by higher migration and/or increasing fertility.

Publications

Germany´s Population by 2060 - Results of
the 13th coordinated population projection

Result of the 13th coordinated population projection

Germany´s Population by 2060 - Results of the 13th coordinated population projection

The 13th population projection for Germany, a coordinated effort by the statistical offices of the Federation and the Länder, focuses on population trends until 2060. It is based on population figues as at 31 December 2013 which have been rolled forward from the 2011 census.

This brochure was published on the occasion of the Federal Statistical Office's press conference on 28 April 2015.

Germany´s Population by 2060 - Results of
the 12th coordinated population projection

Cover Germany's Population by 2060

Germany´s Population by 2060 - Results of the 12th coordinated population projection

The 12th population projection for Germany, a coordinated effort by the statistical offices of the Federation and the Länder, focuses on population trends until 2060. It quantifies future changes in the size and, above all, the age structure of Germany’s population and reveals the effects of demographic trends that can be identified from today’s perspective.

This brochure was published on the occasion of the Federal Statistical Office’s press conference on 18 November 2009.

Additional Information

Key Figures

Population figures
Population, total201380.8 mn
20 to 64-year olds49.2 mn
Development with lower immigration
Population, total206067.6 mn
20 to 64-year olds34.3 mn
Development with higher immigration
Population, total206073.1 mn
20 to 64-year olds37.9 mn

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2017

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