Most public funds go to social security
The German state performs many functions to the benefit of its citizens. The major part of public funds, that is 625 billion euros of total expenditure, went to social security in 2011. Social security mainly comprises social insurance and, amongst others, family allowances, public assistance and youth welfare. Public expenditure for day-care centres amounted to 15 billion euros.
Social security expenditure, accounting for 56% of total expenditure, was the main expenditure component. Second were general services, as they are called, which accounted for 12%. They include, for instance, expenditure for central administration and defence. Another 11% were spent on education, science, research and cultural affairs.
Total public expenditure amounted to 1,110 billion euros in 2011.
Detailed data are provided by the accounting results of the overall public budget (only in German).