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Public finance & taxes

Taxes and income

In FOCUS / 2017-07-18

Tax declaration: average refund of 935 euros

Taxpayers liable to submit a tax declaration to the local tax office for the previous year have to do so by 31 May. In 2013, there were roughly 23.7 million taxpayers subject to unlimited tax liability in Germany who had income exclusively from dependent employment and possibly from capital.

13.2 million of these taxpayers were assessed for income tax; 11.5 million of them received a tax refund.The average refund was 935 euros. The amount refunded was most often between 100 and 1,000 euros (60%). For roughly 10% of those concerned, the refund was less than 100 euros. In 1% of the cases, the local tax offices refunded amounts of over 5,000 euros.

1.5 million taxpayers had to make additional payments to the local tax office, the average amount being 988 euros. Just like the tax refunds, the additional payments of taxes were most often between 100 and 1,000 euros (57%). 23% of the taxpayers had to pay small amounts of less than 100 euros. Only 3% of the taxpayers were affected by large amounts of over 5,000 euros.


Detailed information and tables of annual (only in German) and triennal (only in German) wage and income tax statistics are offered by our publication service as free downloads. You will find data record descriptions for scientific investigations on the website of the research data centre (only in German). A 1% sample survey (campus file, only in German) with anonymised basic data of income tax statistics is available for download free of charge.

Additional Information

Key figures

Public finance in billion Euro
ExpenditureQ II/ 2018688.6
RevenueQ II/ 2018715.4
Financial balanceQ II/ 201826.8
DebtQ II/ 20181,934.4
Tax revenueQ II/ 2018194.7
Joint taxesQ II/ 2018142.1
Federal taxesQ II/ 201826.5
Land and municipal taxesQ II/ 201825.0

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2018

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