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Social statistics

Public assistance in brief

Special benefits

In chapters 5 to 9 of SGB XII, a distinction is made between benefits which, until the end of 2004, were known under the generic term "assistance in special situations". Those statistics cover data on recipients who, in the course of the reference year, received at least one type of assistance specified in chapters 5 to 9 of SGB XII.

Revenue, expenditure

For the statistics of "expenditure and revenue of public assistance", the annual expenditure and revenue of public assistance is covered for the last calendar year. The purpose is to provide comprehensive and reliable data on the financial and social effects of SGB XII.

Basic security benefits

People who have reached retirement age or who, due to reduced earning capacity, have definitely withdrawn from working life and are unable to earn their livelihood, receive such benefits to provide the minimum existence level.

Subsistence payments

After the "Fourth Law for Modern Services in the Labour Market" (Hartz IV) took effect on 1 January 2005, subsistence payments pursuant to SGB XII on "public assistance" have been received only by persons in need of assistance not yet capable of earning who could not support themselves from their own resources (for instance property) or from benefits of other social benefit institutions.

Current

Basic security

1,059,000 recipients of basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity in December 2017

In December 2017, just under 1,059,000 people aged 18 or over in Germany received basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity in accordance with the German Social Code, Book XII, Chapter 4 (SGB XII). The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the number of people entitled to such benefits was up 3.2% on December 2016.

More : 1,059,000 recipients of basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity in December 2017 …

Recipients of subsistence

375,000 people received subsistence payments at the end of 2017

At the end of 2017, roughly 375,000 people in Germany received subsistence payments, 55% of whom were men and 45% women. Compared with the previous year, this was a slight increase of 0.1%. In 2016 the number of recipients of subsistence payments had amounted to approximately 374,000.

More : 375,000 people received subsistence payments at the end of 2017 …

Number of recipients of
assistance for nursing care

17.2 billion euros spent on integration assistance for disabled people in 2017

In 2017, 17.2 billion euros (in net terms) were spent in Germany on integration assistance for disabled people in accordance with the German Social Code, Book XII, Chapter 6 (SGB XII). The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was a 4.4% increase on 2016.

More : 17.2 billion euros spent on integration assistance for disabled people in 2017 …

Expenditure and revenue

Public assistance expenditure up 4.5% in 2016

In 2016, net expenditure on public assistance benefits according to the Social Code, Book XII (SGB XII on public assistance) amounted to 29.0 billion euros in Germany.

More : Public assistance expenditure up 4.5% in 2016 …

AllePressemitteilungen


Additional Information

Key figures

Recipients of public assistance
Basic security benefits 03/20181,070,148
Assistance for nursing care 2016439,617
Households receiving housing allowance 2017592,043
Benefits for asylum seekers2017468,488
Public children and youth welfare
Expenditure (EUR bn) 201645.1
Social reporting
Proportion of recipients of minimum social security benefits 20169.5%

Data on refugees

Logo: Refugees: Population

On our special page you will find information on people seeking refuge.

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2018

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