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Social statistics

Public assistance in brief

Special benefits

In chapters 5 to 9 of SGB XII, a distinction is made between benefits which, until the end of 2004, were known under the generic term "assistance in special situations". Those statistics cover data on recipients who, in the course of the reference year, received at least one type of assistance specified in chapters 5 to 9 of SGB XII.

Revenue, expenditure

For the statistics of "expenditure and revenue of public assistance", the annual expenditure and revenue of public assistance is covered for the last calendar year. The purpose is to provide comprehensive and reliable data on the financial and social effects of SGB XII.

Basic security benefits

People who have reached retirement age or who, due to reduced earning capacity, have definitely withdrawn from working life and are unable to earn their livelihood, receive such benefits to provide the minimum existence level.

Subsistence payments

After the "Fourth Law for Modern Services in the Labour Market" (Hartz IV) took effect on 1 January 2005, subsistence payments pursuant to SGB XII on "public assistance" have been received only by persons in need of assistance not yet capable of earning who could not support themselves from their own resources (for instance property) or from benefits of other social benefit institutions.

Current

Basic security

1,026,000 recipients of basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity in December 2016

In December 2016, roughly 1,026,000 people aged 18 or over in Germany received basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity in accordance with the German Social Code, Book XII (SGB XII), Chapter 4. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the number of people entitled to such benefits was down 1.2% on December 2015. At that time, approximately 1,038,000 people received basic security benefits in accordance with SGB XII.

More : 1,026,000 recipients of basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity in December 2016 …

Recipients of subsistence

Public assistance expenditure up 4.5% in 2016

In 2016, net expenditure on public assistance benefits according to the Social Code, Book XII (SGB XII on public assistance) amounted to 29.0 billion euros in Germany.

More : Public assistance expenditure up 4.5% in 2016 …

Number of recipients of
assistance for nursing care

Integration assistance for disabled people: number of recipients up 2.7% in 2015

In 2015, roughly 883,000 people in Germany received integration assistance for disabled people in accordance with the German Social Code, Book XII, Chapter 6 (SGB XII). The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the number of recipients rose by 2.7% compared with 2014.

More : Integration assistance for disabled people: number of recipients up 2.7% in 2015 …

Expenditure and revenue

Public assistance expenditure up 4.5% in 2016

In 2016, net expenditure on public assistance benefits according to the Social Code, Book XII (SGB XII on public assistance) amounted to 29.0 billion euros in Germany.

More : Public assistance expenditure up 4.5% in 2016 …

AllePressemitteilungen


Additional Information

Key figures

Recipients of public assistance
Basic security benefits 12/20161,025,903
Assistance for nursing care 2015450,674
Households receiving housing allowance 2015460,080
Benefits for asylum seekers2015974,551
Public children and youth welfare
Expenditure (EUR bn) 201540.7
Social reporting
Proportion of recipients of minimum social security benefits 20159.7%

Data on refugees

Logo: Refugees: Population

On our special page you will find information on people seeking refuge.

© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2017

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