IN FOCUS / 2017-02-16
Tax declaration: average refund of 901 euros
Taxpayers liable to submit a tax declaration to the local tax office for the previous year have to do so by 31 May. In 2012, there were roughly 13.1 million taxpayers subject to unlimited tax liability in Germany who had income exclusively from dependent employment and possibly from capital.
11.4 million of these taxpayers received a refund in the context of income tax assessment. The average refund was 901 euros. The amount refunded was most often between 100 and 1,000 euros (61%). For roughly 10% of those concerned, the refund was less than 100 euros. In 1% of the cases, the local tax offices refunded amounts of over 5,000 euros.
1.5 million taxpayers had to make additional payments to the local tax office, the average amount being 965 euros. Just like the tax refunds, the additional payments of taxes were most often between 100 and 1,000 euros (59%). 22% of the taxpayers had to pay small amounts of less than 100 euros. Only 3% of the taxpayers were affected by large amounts of over 5,000 euros.
IN FOCUS / 2017-02-13
Number of pupils at private schools increases continuously
The Didacta Trade Fair for Education and Training took place from 14 to 18 February 2017 in Stuttgart. One of the striking things you notice when taking a look at the education sector in Germany is that the number of pupils at private schools has continuously increased in the last few years. In school year 2015/16, roughly 9% of the just over 8.3 million pupils at schools of general education attended a private school. In school year 2005/06, the proportion had been 7%.
Attending private schools is often associated with better teaching conditions. A major indicator here is class size. At primary schools, grammar schools and special schools in school year 2015/16, the classes at private schools were by one pupil smaller than those in public schools.
Apart from class size, the number of weekly lessons given per pupil are another major indicator used to assess the teaching conditions. In the selected school types, an average of 2.0 lessons per pupil were given at private schools in school year 2015/16, while at public schools the figure was 1.6 lessons.
Current WISTA edition: Agricultural statistics are the basis for European agricultural policy
One of the main fields of activity of the EU has always been a common agricultural policy. Roughly 40% of the European Union budget is used to support farmers and rural regions. In this context, Germany will have received roughly 6.2 billion euros of subsidies per year by 2020. To control and enhance agricultural production, up-to-date data are needed on what agricultural products are produced by whom, where and with what production methods.
In the 1/2017 edition of our WISTA scientific journal, Dr. Wolfgang Hauschild, Tim Weber and Hermann Seewald present "das statistische Berichtssystem der Agrarstatistiken in Deutschland". They show how the large number of individual statistics are coordinated in terms of time, region and contents and how they are controlled through the central register of agricultural holdings.