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Press release 019 / 2019-01-16: Consumer prices in 2018: +1.9% on the previous year

Inflation rate

Consumer price index, December 2018
+1.7% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)
+0.1% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)

Harmonised index of consumer prices, December 2018
+1.7% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)
+0.3% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)

Consumer prices in Germany rose by 1.9% on an annual average in 2018 compared with 2017. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the year-on-year rate of price increase in 2018 thus was slightly higher than in the previous year (2017: +1.8%). In December 2018, the inflation rate as measured by the consumer price index decreased markedly on the previous months, reaching 1.7%.

More : Consumer prices in 2018: +1.9% on the previous year …

Press release 020 / 2019-01-16: Number of laying hens in organic farming nearly tripled in 10 years

A growing number of agricultural holdings in Germany are converting to organic egg production. This is reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) to mark the Green Week, which will be held from 18 to 27 January 2019. The number of laying hen places in organic production has nearly tripled in the last 10 years. It rose from just under 1.8 million on the reference date of 1 December 2007 to roughly 5.1 million in 2017. There was also a significant proportionate increase: while laying hen places in organic production accounted for just 4.5% of the total in 2007, this proportion increased to 10.4% by 2017.

More : Number of laying hens in organic farming nearly tripled in 10 years …

IN FOCUS / 2019-01-08

Tax declaration: average refund of 974 euros

There is still time until 31 July - but many taxpayers prefer doing their income tax declaration early in the year.

In 2014, there were roughly 24.1 million taxpayers in Germany who were subject to unlimited tax liability and received income exclusively from dependent employment and possibly from capital.

13.3 million of these taxpayers were assessed for income tax; 11.6 million of them received a tax refund.The average refund was 974 euros. Very often, the amount refunded was between 100 and 1,000 euros (59%). For 9% of those concerned, the refund was less than 100 euros. In 1% of the cases, the local tax offices refunded amounts of over 5,000 euros.

1.5 million taxpayers had to make additional payments to the local tax office, with the average amount being 10,020 euros. Just like the tax refunds, the additional payments of taxes were most often between 100 and 1,000 euros (55%). 25% of the taxpayers had to pay small amounts of less than 100 euros. Only 3% of the taxpayers were affected by large amounts of over 5,000 euros.

Current WISTA edition: connection between truck mileage and industrial production

The Federal Office for Goods Transport (BAG) has developed the truck toll mileage index based on the data from truck toll collection. Can this index complement the short-term economic statistics of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) and, especially, can it illustrate a connection between mileage and industrial production?

To examine this question, the BAG and Destatis carried out a cooperation project whose results are described in the article Digitale Prozessdaten aus der Lkw-Mauterhebung – neuer Baustein der amtlichen Konjunkturstatistiken published in the 6/2018 edition of our WISTA scientific journal. Since mid-December 2018, the truck toll mileage index has been published on the Destatis website as an unadjusted value, in a seasonally adjusted form and as a trend. At the same time, it has been integrated in the Business Cycle Monitor.

Key figures

Population30.06.201882.9 mn
Persons in employment3rd Quarter 201845.0 mn
Economic growth (GDP)20181.5%
Inflation rate (CPI)December 20181.7%
Share in gross domestic product
Net lending20181.7%
Public debt201764.1%

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