IN FOCUS / 2017-03-27
Brexit: United Kingdom is a major trading partner
Theresa May, the British Prime Minister, handed in the official notice triggering Britain's exit from the EU on 29 March. Because of that decision, Britain's trade relations with the EU will have to be re-negotiated.
In 2016, the United Kingdom ranked fifth among Germany's most important trading partners. Goods worth a total of 121.6 billion euros were traded between the two countries. The United Kingdom was only outranked in importance by the People's Republic of China, France, the United States and the Netherlands.
On the whole, Germany exported goods worth 86.1 billion euros to the United Kingdom in 2016. The most important export goods were motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (27.2 billion euros) as well as machinery (9.0 billion euros). The imports from the United Kingdom amounted to roughly 35.6 billion euros. The most important import goods were motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (6.0 billion euros) as well as chemicals and chemical products (4.2 billion euros).
For more information on the United Kingdom please go to "Europe in figures".
IN FOCUS / 2017-03-15
Equal Pay Day: gender pay gap at 21%
On the occasion of the Equal Pay Day on 18 March, special attention is drawn to the principle of equal pay for women and men. In 2016, the average gross hourly earnings of women (16.26 euros) were roughly 21% lower than those of men (20.71 euros).
Nearly three quarters of this unadjusted gender pay gap were attributable to structural differences. The main reasons were differences in the branches of activity and the occupations of women and men as well as unevenly distributed leadership and qualification-related job requirements. In addition, more women than men work part-time or are marginally employed.
The adjusted gender pay gap, as it is called, does not include that part of the pay gap which can be attributed to structural differences. In 2014, the nationwide adjusted gender pay gap was 6% (unadjusted pay gap in 2014: 22%). This means that the hourly earnings of women with a similar qualification and activity were 6% lower than those of men.
For more detailed information on the gender pay gap please refer to the pages on Earnings and earnings differences.
Current WISTA edition: Agricultural statistics are the basis for European agricultural policy
One of the main fields of activity of the EU has always been a common agricultural policy. Roughly 40% of the European Union budget is used to support farmers and rural regions. In this context, Germany will have received roughly 6.2 billion euros of subsidies per year by 2020. To control and enhance agricultural production, up-to-date data are needed on what agricultural products are produced by whom, where and with what production methods.
In the 1/2017 edition of our WISTA scientific journal, Dr. Wolfgang Hauschild, Tim Weber and Hermann Seewald present "das statistische Berichtssystem der Agrarstatistiken in Deutschland". They show how the large number of individual statistics are coordinated in terms of time, region and contents and how they are controlled through the central register of agricultural holdings.