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Press release 106 / 2019-03-21: China is the most important import country for the fourth year in a row

According to provisional results, goods worth 106.3 billion euros were imported from the People's Republic of China to Germany in 2018 (+4.4% on a year earlier). The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that China was the most important country for imports to Germany for the fourth consecutive year.

More : China is the most important import country for the fourth year in a row …

Press release 108 / 2019-03-21: Expenditure for education, science and research up 4.2% in 2017

The public budgets and the private sector (businesses, non-profit institutions, households and the non-domestic sector) spent a total of 295.1 billion euros on education, science and research in 2017. Based on provisional calculations, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was an increase of 11.9 billion euros, or 4.2%, compared with the previous year. As in the previous two years, this expenditure accounted for 9.0% of the German gross domestic product.

More : Expenditure for education, science and research up 4.2% in 2017 …

Press release 109 / 2019-03-21: Health expenditure up 4.7% in 2017

Forecast health expenditure by funding source

In 2017, health expenditure in Germany amounted to 375.6 billion euros, or 4,544 euros per inhabitant. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was an increase of 4.7%, or 16.9 billion euros, compared with 2016. The expenditure accounted for 11.5% of the gross domestic product.

More : Health expenditure up 4.7% in 2017 …

IN FOCUS / 2019-01-08

Tax declaration: average refund of 974 euros

There is still time until 31 July - but many taxpayers prefer doing their income tax declaration early in the year.

In 2014, there were roughly 24.1 million taxpayers in Germany who were subject to unlimited tax liability and received income exclusively from dependent employment and possibly from capital.

13.3 million of these taxpayers were assessed for income tax; 11.6 million of them received a tax refund.The average refund was 974 euros. Very often, the amount refunded was between 100 and 1,000 euros (59%). For 9% of those concerned, the refund was less than 100 euros. In 1% of the cases, the local tax offices refunded amounts of over 5,000 euros.

1.5 million taxpayers had to make additional payments to the local tax office, with the average amount being 10,020 euros. Just like the tax refunds, the additional payments of taxes were most often between 100 and 1,000 euros (55%). 25% of the taxpayers had to pay small amounts of less than 100 euros. Only 3% of the taxpayers were affected by large amounts of over 5,000 euros.

Current WISTA edition: connection between truck mileage and industrial production

The Federal Office for Goods Transport (BAG) has developed the truck toll mileage index based on the data from truck toll collection. Can this index complement the short-term economic statistics of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) and, especially, can it illustrate a connection between mileage and industrial production?

To examine this question, the BAG and Destatis carried out a cooperation project whose results are described in the article Digitale Prozessdaten aus der Lkw-Mauterhebung – neuer Baustein der amtlichen Konjunkturstatistiken published in the 6/2018 edition of our WISTA scientific journal. Since mid-December 2018, the truck toll mileage index has been published on the Destatis website as an unadjusted value, in a seasonally adjusted form and as a trend. At the same time, it has been integrated in the Business Cycle Monitor.

European statistics

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Europe in figures features the wide range of data offered by the European statistical office (Eurostat) and enables comparisons between the EU Member States.

Interactive charts

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The Brexit Monitor presents the developments in the United Kingdom, Germany and the EU based on selected socio-economic indicators.

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