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Press release 163 / 2013-05-15: Gross domestic product slightly up in 1st quarter of 2013

WIESBADEN – The German economy is slow in gaining momentum. Compared with the previous quarter, the gross domestic product (GDP) increased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013 after adjustment for price, seasonal and calendar variations. One of the reasons for this small growth at the beginning of the year, however, was the extremely cold weather. In the last quarter of 2012, the German economy had suffered a major setback of –0.7%, according to the most recent calculations. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that, for the entire year of 2012, the GDP figures have not changed as compared with the previously published data (+0.7%, calendar-adjusted +0.9%). 

In a quarter-on-quarter comparison, according to provisional calculations, growth was based almost only on demand by households, which increased their final consumption expenditure at the beginning of the year. However, in the last quarter of 2012, such expenditure had decreased according to the most recent calculations. As regards gross fixed capital formation, the negative trend of 2012 continued – compared with the previous quarter, it was down again. The balance of exports and imports had almost no impact on economic growth in the first quarter of 2013. Although imports of goods were markedly down from the last quarter of 2012, exports decreased, too. 

In a year-on-year comparison, the price-adjusted GDP was down 1.4% in the first quarter of 2013. However, this considerable decrease was mainly due to calendar factors. The reference quarter had fewer working days than the same quarter a year earlier. Reasons are mainly the leap year of 2012 and the fact that the Easter holidays fell into different quarters. In calendar-adjusted terms, the GDP decreased by just 0.2%. 

According to first provisional calculations, the GDP in the first quarter of 2013 was achieved by 41.5 million persons in employment in the domestic territory, which was an increase of 293,000 persons or 0.7% on a year earlier. 

In the context of the first calculation of data for the first quarter of 2013, the Federal Statistical Office also revised the national accounts results published so far for the quarters and the year of 2012 and corrected them where required. This resulted in GDP change rates which, in individual quarters, deviated by 0.1 percentage points from the GDP results published before.

The Federal Statistical Office will release more detailed results on 24 May 2013. 

Gross domestic product
Price-adjusted, chain-linked
 Unadjusted figuresFigures according to Census X-12-ARIMA
Seasonally and calendar-adjustedCalendar-adjusted 1Calendar effect
2005 = 100% 22005 = 100% 32005 = 100% 2% 2

1 For years, the calendar-adjusted values are identical with the seasonally and calendar-adjusted values (except for differences due to rounding).
2 Change on the previous year or the same quarter of the preceding year in %.

3 Change on the previous year or previous quarter in %.
qtr = quarter

2011110.21 3.0 110.07 3.1 110.07 3.1 –0.1 
2012110.95 0.7 111.02 0.9 111.02 0.9 –0.2 
20111st qtr108.42 5.2 109.53 1.2 108.18 4.9  0.3 
2nd qtr109.49 3.1 110.03 0.5 109.31 3.0  0.1 
3rd qtr112.64 2.6 110.43 0.4 112.56 2.7 –0.1 
4th qtr110.28 1.4 110.27–0.1 110.21 1.9 –0.5 
20121st qtr110.38 1.8 110.96 0.6 109.63 1.3  0.5 
2nd qtr110.06 0.5 111.14 0.2 110.41 1.0 –0.5 
3rd qtr113.08 0.4 111.38 0.2 113.53 0.9 –0.5 
4th qtr110.28 0.0 110.61–0.7 110.52 0.3 –0.3 
20131st qtr108.86–1.4 110.68 0.1 109.38– 0.2 –1.2 

 

Gross domestic product at current prices
 Unadjusted figuresSeasonally and calendar-adjusted figures according to
Census X-12-ARIMA
EUR bn.Change in % 1EUR bn.Change in % 2

1 Change on the previous year or the same quarter of the preceding year in %.

2 Change on the previous year or previous quarter in %.

qtr = quarter

20112,592.60 3.9 2,589.26 3.9 
20122,644.20 2.0 2,645.98 2.2 
20111st qtr633.01 5.8 641.73 1.4 
2nd qtr637.56 4.1 646.75 0.8 
3rd qtr663.12 3.5 650.28 0.5 
4th qtr658.91 2.2 650.50 0.0 
20121st qtr651.95 3.0 657.70 1.1 
2nd qtr648.75 1.8 661.21 0.5 
3rd qtr674.85 1.8 664.87 0.6 
4th qtr668.65 1.5 662.20–0.4 
20131st qtr656.56 0.7 669.92 1.2 

 

Gross domestic product
Price-adjusted, chain-linked
 New resultPrevious result
Chain index
(2005 = 100)
Change
in % 1
Chain index
(2005 = 100)
Change
in % 1

1 Seasonally and calendar-adjusted figures: Change on the previous year or previous quarter. Unadjusted figures: Change on the previous year or the same quarter of the preceding year.

qtr = quarter

Seasonally and calendar-adjusted figures according to
Census X-12-ARIMA
2012111.02 0.9 111.02 0.9 
20121st qtr110.96 0.6 110.83 0.5 
2nd qtr111.14 0.2 111.13 0.3 
3rd qtr111.38 0.2 111.39 0.2 
4th qtr110.61–0.7 110.73–0.6 
20131st qtr110.68 0.1 xx
Unadjusted figures
2012110.95 0.7 110.94 0.7 
20121st qtr110.38 1.8 110.26 1.7 
2nd qtr110.06 0.5 110.04 0.5 
3rd qtr113.08 0.4 113.08 0.4 
4th qtr110.28 0.0 110.40 0.1 
20131st qtr108.86–1.4 xx

A long time series with quarterly results on the gross domestic product starting with the first quarter of 1970 is available here.

>>> brief methodological description

For further information please contact:
National accounts info team,
tel: +49 611 75 2626,

presse_gdp_info

gdp-info@destatis.de

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