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Press release 256 / 2013-07-31: June 2013: further rise in the number of persons in employment

WIESBADEN – In June 2013, a total of 41.8 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with June 2012, this was an increase of 232,000 persons in employment or 0.6%. Hence, the number of persons in employment continued to develop positively. From March to May 2013, the rate of increase had already been 0.6% in each month compared with the corresponding month of the previous year. In June 2013, a total of 2.32 million people were unemployed, an increase of 98,000 on a year earlier. 

According to provisional results of employment accounts, the number of persons in employment in June 2013 was slightly up by 10,000 persons on May 2013. The average increase over the last five years was 28,000. After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the number of persons in employment rose by 10,000 in June 2013 compared with the previous month. 

In addition to the first calculation of the number of persons in employment for the reference month of June 2013, the provisional monthly, quarterly and annual employment results were recalculated from the year 2009 as part of the regular revision of national accounts. All additional sources of employment statistics that had become available by the time of the current calculation were incorporated into the employment accounts. The recalculation of the monthly results produced year-on-year rates of change which deviated by no more than 0.1 percentage points in either direction from the results published to date.

According to results of the labour force survey, the number of unemployed was 2.32 million in June 2013. This was an increase of 98,000 or 4.5% on June 2012. Compared with May 2013, the number of unemployed rose by 69,000 people or 3.1%. When adjusted for seasonal and irregular effects, the number of unemployed amounted to 2.30 million. The adjusted unemployment rate was 5.4%. 

Detailed data and long time series are available from the GENESIS-Online database. The data on persons in employment from employment accounts are available in tables 13321-0001 (months), 13321-0002 (quarters) and 81000-0011 (years). Data on persons in employment and unemployed persons from the labour force survey can be found in tables 13231-0001 (months) and 81000-0011 (years). 

The 2011 Census results on employment will be integrated into the time series as part of the next major revision of national accounts in 2014. The results of the national accounts revision are planned to be published in August/September 2014. More information can be found here.

Methodological notes:

Persons in employment and unemployed persons are counted according to the employment status concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Therefore, unemployment as shown here must not be confused with registered unemployment as published by the Federal Employment Agency. 

The number of persons in employment as obtained in employment accounts and that from the labour force survey differ from each other. The differences are mainly due to the different methods and procedures applied in the two statistical systems. 

In employment accounts, the total number of persons in employment is estimated using all sources available (currently about 60 sources). The labour force survey is a continuous household survey (currently integrated in the microcensus), which is conducted every year among one percent of the population in Germany. It involves the obligation to provide information and is harmonised across the EU. The number of persons in employment obtained by the labour force survey is smaller than that of employment accounts because, as experience shows, it is difficult in household surveys to entirely cover smaller activities, for example those performed by pupils and students. According to the international definition, such activities are considered as employment, too. Nevertheless, in the European Statistical System, the results of the labour force survey are used as a standard basis for calculating unemployment rates.

Annual results, quarterly results and more monthly results are available: Employment

Under “Unemployment”, the results adjusted by means of the Berlin method (BV4.1) are additionally available (trend cycle component).

I. Employment accounts
Persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany 1 
YearMonthOriginal valuesSeasonally adjusted 2
personschange on previous monthchange on the same
month of the previous year
personschange on previous month

1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounting: persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany (resident concept). The respective time series for persons in employment whose place of work is in Germany domestic concept) are presented here.

2 Seasonal adjustment by Census X-12-Arima. 



II. Labour force survey
Unemployed persons and persons in employment 1 
Previous monthSame month of the previous year

1 Persons in households aged 15 to 74 years. excluding persons performing compulsory military or civilian service.

2 Share of unemployed in the labour force (persons in employment and unemployed) aged 15 to 74 years.

3 Share of persons in employment in all persons aged 15 to 74 years.

4 Trend cycle component (X-12-ARIMA method using Demetra+; calculation by Eurostat).

 Original values
Unemployed persons2.322.
Persons in employment40.2040.25–0.139.840.9
 shares in %in %shares in %in %
Unemployment rate
Employment rate 363.964.0–
 Adjusted results 4
Unemployed persons2.302.300.02.31–0.4
Persons in employment40.2540.220.139.960.7
 shares in %%shares in %%
Unemployment rate–1.8
Persons aged under 25 years7.57.6–1.38.1–7.4
Persons aged 25 to 74 years5.15.2–1.95.2–1.9
Employment rate 364.

For further information:
for employment accounts:
Ulf-Karsten Keil,
tel: +49 611 75 2633

for the labour force survey:
Andreas Grau,
tel: +49 611 75 2124
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