Normal view

Navigation and service

Logo Destatis - Statistisches Bundesamt, Link to homepage

Press release 121 / 2014-04-01: February 2014: employment up 0.8% on a year earlier

WIESBADEN – In February 2014, roughly 41.7 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with February 2013, this was an increase of 315,000 persons or 0.8%. The corresponding growth rate was +0.6% in the months October to December 2013, while it was +0.7% in January 2014. The mild winter was one of the factors contributing to this development. In February 2014, roughly 2.3 million people were unemployed, 198,000 fewer than a year earlier. 

According to provisional results of the employment accounts, the number of persons in employment increased by 29,000, or 0.1%, from January 2014 to February 2014. After seasonal adjustment, that is, after the elimination of the usual seasonal fluctuations, the number of persons in employment increased by 45,000, or 0.1%, in February 2014 compared with the previous month. 

Results of the labour force survey show that there were 2.35 million unemployed in February 2014, representing a decrease of 198,000, or 7.8%, on February 2013. Compared with January 2014, the number of unemployed was down by 47,000, or 1.7%. Adjusted for seasonal and irregular effects, the number of unemployed stood at 2.17 million. The adjusted unemployment rate was 5.1% in February 2014.  

I. Employment accounts
Persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany 1 
Year MonthOriginal valuesSeasonally adjusted 2
personschange on previous
month
change on the
same month of the
previous year
personschange on previous
month
in millionin %in millionin %
1 Results of employment accounts as part of national accounting: persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany (resident concept). The respective time series for persons in employment whose place of work is in Germany (domestic concept) are presented here.
2 Seasonal adjustment by Census X-12-Arima.
2011January40.540–1.01.440.8370.1
February40.6010.21.540.9150.2
March40.7100.31.540.9580.1
April40.9050.51.541.0170.1
May41.0300.31.441.0540.1
June41.0770.11.441.1000.1
July41.0860.01.441.1240.1
August41.1670.21.341.1670.1
September41.4180.61.341.1990.1
October41.5730.41.241.2180.0
November41.6340.11.341.2810.2
December41.472–0.41.341.3460.2
2012January41.127–0.81.441.4270.2
February41.099–0.11.241.4160.0
March41.2130.31.241.4650.1
April41.3790.41.241.4920.1
May41.5120.31.241.5260.1
June41.5300.01.141.5480.1
July41.5550.11.141.5830.1
August41.6000.11.141.5950.0
September41.8030.50.941.5920.0
October41.9580.40.941.6100.0
November41.9840.10.841.6350.1
December41.770–0.50.741.6470.0
2013January41.364–1.00.641.6610.0
February41.3750.00.741.6920.1
March41.4450.20.641.6990.0
April41.5970.40.541.7120.0
May41.7340.30.541.7440.1
June41.7410.00.541.7570.0
July41.7770.10.541.7970.1
August41.8090.10.541.8020.0
September42.0210.50.541.8160.0
October42.1930.40.641.8500.1
November42.2290.10.641.8810.1
December42.028–0.50.641.9100.1
2014January41.661–0.90.741.9580.1
February41.6900.10.842.0030.1

  

II. Labour force survey
Unemployed persons and persons in employment 1 

 

February
2014
Previous monthSame month of the previous year
January
2013
ChangeFebruary
2013
Change
1 Persons in households aged 15 to 74 years. excluding persons performing compulsory military or civilian service.
2 Share of unemployed in the labour force (persons in employment and unemployed) aged 15 to 74 years.
3 Share of persons in employment in all persons aged 15 to 74 years.
4 Trend cycle component (X-12-ARIMA method using Demetra+; calculation by Eurostat).
Original values
 in millionin %in millionin %
Unemployed persons2.352.39–1.72.55–7.8
Persons in employment40.4840.210.739.741.9
 shares in %in %shares in %in %
Unemployment rate 25.55.6–1.86.0–8.3
Employment rate 364.363.80.863.31.6
Adjusted results 4
 in millionin %in millionin %
Unemployed persons2.172.19–0.92.30–5.7
Persons in employment40.6540.590.140.171.2
 shares in %in %shares in %in %
Unemployment rate 25.15.10.05.4–5.6
including: 
Men5.45.40.05.7–5.3
Women4.74.8–2.15.1–7.8
Persons aged under 25 years7.77.70.07.8–1.3
Persons aged 25 to 74 years4.84.80.05.1–5.9
Employment rate 364.664.40.364.00.9

Detailed data and long time series are available from the GENESIS-Online database. The data on persons in employment from employment accounts are available in tables 13321-0001 (months), 13321-0002 (quarters) and 81000-0011 (years). Data on persons in employment and unemployed persons from the labour force survey can be found in tables 13231-0001 (months) and 81000-0011 (years). 

Methodological notes:
Persons in employment and unemployed persons are counted according to the employment status concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Therefore, unemployment as shown here must not be confused with registered unemployment as published by the Federal Employment Agency.

The number of persons in employment as obtained in employment accounts and that from the labour force survey differ from each other. The differences are mainly due to the different methods and procedures applied in the two statistical systems.

In employment accounts, the total number of persons in employment is estimated using all sources available (currently about 60 sources). The labour force survey is a continuous household survey (currently integrated in the microcensus), which is conducted every year among one percent of the population in Germany. It involves the obligation to provide information and is harmonised across the EU. The number of persons in employment obtained by the labour force survey is smaller than that of employment accounts because, as experience shows, it is difficult in household surveys to entirely cover smaller activities, for example those performed by pupils and students. According to the international definition, such activities are considered as employment, too. Nevertheless, in the European Statistical System, the results of the labour force survey are used as a standard basis for calculating unemployment rates.

Annual results, quarterly results and more monthly results are available: Employment
Under “Unemployment”, the results adjusted by means of the Berlin method (BV4.1) are additionally available (trend cycle component).

The employment-related results of the 2011 Census will be integrated into the relevant time series in the context of the next major revision of national accounts in 2014. The results of the national accounts revision are expected to be published in August 2014. More information is available at: Employment accounts and 2011 Census: why do the results differ? (only in German)

>> Brief methodological description employment

>> Brief methodological description hours worked

For further information:
for employment accounts:
Ulf-Karsten Keil,
tel: +49 611 75 2633

for the labour force survey:
Andreas Grau,
tel: +49 611 75 2124
contact form

© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden 2015

 – Imprint – contact