Short-term indicators Economic and financial data for Germany

Date of latest update: 4 June 2024

The data shown on this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Germany has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

  • Real Sector (National Accounts | Production index | Employment/Unemployment | Wages/Earnings | Consumer prices | producer prices)
  • Fiscal Sector (General Government Operations | General Government Gross Debt | Central Government Operations | Central Government Debt)
  • Financial Sector (Depository corporations survey | Central Bank survey | Other Financial Corporations Survey | Financial Soundness Indicators | Debt securities | Interest rates | Stock market)
  • External Sector (Balance of payments | International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity | Merchandise trade | International Investment Position | External debt | Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey | Coordinated Direct Investment Survey | Currency Composition of Foreign | Exchange Reserves | Exchange rates)
  • Population

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

Economic and financial data for Germany
SDDS Plus Data Category and ComponentUnit Descrip­tionObservations % Change from previous period to latest period% Change from same period last year to latest periodMore information
Period of latest dataLatest dataData for previous periodTime seriesSDMX-Files

1a: Seasonally and calendar adjusted (X13 JDemetra+).
1b: Calendar-adjusted (X13 JDemetra+).
2: Persons with place of residence in Germany.
3a: Persons in private households aged 15 to 74 years, German Labour Force Survey.
3b: Registered unemployed persons, Federal Labour Office, Germany.
4: Without extra payments.
5: (-) debt repayment; (+) borrowing.
6: From 2005 including cumulative assumption of FDE/LAG debt (German Unity Fund/Equalisation of Burdens Fund).
7: Data are not seasonally adjusted. Whilst latest data are deemed provisional, data for previous periods are final (if no substantial revisions were to occur).
9: Refers to assets vis-à-vis non-euro-area residents.
10: Refers to liabilities to non-euro-area residents.
11: Refers to banknotes in circulation and the following deposits of euro-area MFIs held with the Deutsche Bundesbank, denominated in euro: "current accounts (covering the minimum reserve system)", "deposit facility", "fixed-term deposits", "fine-tuning reverse operations" and "deposits related to margin calls".
12: The Bundesbank is not allowed to grant credit to the public sector; the amounts shown in this category refer to "grandfathered"equalisation claims originating from the German currency reform in 1948.
13: Credit to the private sector is restricted to financial sector counterparties; there is no credit to non-financial (public) enterprises.
14: Refers to claims on non-euro area residents.
15: The data can be accessed by clicking on 'Auction result - Treasury discount paper (Unverzinsliche Schatzanweisungen "Bubills") of the Federal Republic of Germany' provided under 'Current press releases on Federal securities'.
16: End-of-period figures.
17: The Deutsche Bundesbank publishes the DAX index on a monthly basis only. More frequently updated data can be obtained from other sources.
18: Whilst the latest data are deemed provisional, data for previous periods are final unless substantial revisions occur. Furthermore, the data referring to the latest four years are revised every year in March.
19: Quoting percentage changes in net flows is not meaningful.
20: Including employee stock options.
21: Reserves are defined as foreign currency denominated claims on non-euro area residents plus gold, holdings of SDRs and the reserve position in the Fund.
22: Quoting percentage changes in (net) balances is not meaningful.
23: A quarterly IIP is being published from September 2005 onwards.
24: External Debt presents only a fraction of the overall financial relationships of Germany with other countries and is more than offset by Germany's external assets.
25: Population based on data from the 2011 Census. Reference date is end of the quarter.

p: Preliminary results.
r: Revised figures.
. = numerical value unknown or not to be disclosed
- = no figures or magnitude zero, no further information
X = cell blocked for logical reasons

REAL SECTOR
National Accounts 1a
Gross domestic productEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q1/241,055.0041,048.746+0.6+4.3DestatisSDMX
Private final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q1/24529.736529.760+0.0+3.1
Government final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q1/24229.301228.908+0.2+7.3
Gross fixed capital formationEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q1/24228.278223.372+2.2+1.3
Exports of goods and servicesEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q1/24495.081489.452+1.2-0.9
Imports of goods and servicesEuro billions,
at current
prices
Q1/24435.788436.729-0.2-5.2
Gross domestic productEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q1/24816.407814.667+0.2-0.2
Private final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q1/24423.234424.997-0.4+0.3
Government final consumption expenditureEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q1/24177.223177.983-0.4+1.6

Gross fixed capital formation
Euro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q1/24163.693161.770+1.2-0.9

Exports of goods and services
Euro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q1/24406.688402.322+1.1-1.4
Imports of goods and servicesEuro billions,
chain-linked volumes
Q1/24360.172357.970+0.6-2.6
Sectoral Balance SheetsDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Production Index in production industries 1b p2021=100Mar/24102.390.9+12.5-3.3DestatisSDMX
Employment 1a 21,000Apr/2445,89445,869+0.1X DestatisSDMX
Unemployment (ILO concept) 3amillionApr/241.421.55-8.4+5.2DestatisSDMX
Unemployment (national concept) 3b 1,000Apr/242,7502,769-0.7+6.3DestatisSDMX
Index of agreed monthly earnings 42020=100Q4/23106.0105.8+0.2+2.3DestatisSDMX
Consumer price index2020=100Apr/24119.2118.6+0.5+2.2DestatisSDMX
Index of producer prices of industrial products (domestic sale)2021=100Apr/24121.8121.7+0.1+2.0DestatisSDMX
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations
Transactions affecting net worthDestatisSDMX
RevenueEuro millionsQ4/23516,186467,839X +4.4
TaxesEuro millionsQ4/23253,161235,001X +0.5
Social contributionsEuro millionsQ4/23192,284175,403X +6.2
GrantsEuro millionsQ4/2316,13111,821X +4.1
Other revenueEuro millionsQ4/2354,61045,614X +19.2
ExpensesEuro millionsQ4/23512,336465,613X -2.1
Compensation of emloyeesEuro millionsQ4/2392,42379,784X +6.9
Use of goods and servicesEuro millionsQ4/2376,73264,042X +8.0
Consumption of fixed capitalEuro millionsQ4/2328,22828,041X +8.4
InterestEuro millionsQ4/2310,0869,287X +28.7
SubsidiesEuro millionsQ4/2315,86514,727X -38.9
GrantsEuro millionsQ4/2357,68040,078X -32.6
Social benefitsEuro millionsQ4/23259,484257,609X +5.3
Other expensesEuro millionsQ4/23-28,162-27,955X X
Net/gross operating balanceEuro millionsQ4/233,8502,226X X
Transactions in nonfinancial assets
Net acquisition of nonfinancial assetsEuro millionsQ4/2332,98528,635X +6.9
Fixed assetsEuro millionsQ4/2333,84529,197X +9.7
Change in inventoriesEuro millionsQ4/23-384-339X X
ValuablesEuro millionsQ4/23-150-86X X
Nonproduced assetsEuro millionsQ4/23-326-137X X
Net lending/ borrowingEuro millionsQ4/23-29,135-26,409X X
Transactions in financial assets and liablilities (Financing)
Net acquisition of financial assetsEuro millionsQ4/23-44,19417,052X X
DomesticEuro millionsQ4/23-53,41817,213X X
ForeignEuro millionsQ4/239,224-161X X
Net incurrence of liabilitiesEuro millionsQ4/23-2,90541,353X X
DomesticEuro millionsQ4/236,324-11,722X X
ForeignEuro millionsQ4/23-9,22953,075X X
General Government Gross DebtDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Central Government Operations
RevenueEuro billionsApr/24125.294.8+32.1+9.0Federal Ministry of FinanceSDMX
ExpenditureEuro billionsApr/24149.6113.2+32.2-4.8
Balance. Deficit/SurplusEuro billionsApr/24-24.4-18.4+32.6-42.3
FinancingEuro billionsApr/2424.418.4+32.6-42.3
Cash shortfallEuro billionsApr/24-88.0-78.3+12.4-60.8
Adjusted for revenue of coinEuro billionsApr/240.10.0±0.0±0.0
Net borrowing/Current financial market balance5Euro billionsApr/24-63.7-59.9+6.3-65.0
Central Government Debt
Federal market resources6 Euro
billions
Apr/241,646.01,647.4-0.1+4.7Federal Ministry of FinanceSDMX
Residual maturity
short term (up to 1 year)Euro
billions
Apr/24284.5291.9-2.5-6.8
medium term (1 to 4 years)Euro
billions
Apr/24455.7445.7+2.2+13.6

long term (over 4 years)

Euro
billions
Apr/24905.8909.8-0.4+4.6
Debt guaranteed by central governmentEuro
billions
Q1/24745.9742.5+0.5+1.5
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Depository corporations survey 7 Deutsche BundesbankSDMX
Money Stock M1 (from 2002, excluding currency in circulation)/ German contribution to the Euro Area. . . .
Money Stock M2 (from 2002, excluding currency in circulation)/ German contribution to the Euro Area. . . .
Money Stock M3 (from 2002, excluding currency in circulation)/ German contribution to the Euro Area. . . .
Domestic credit to General government / German contribution to the Euro AreaEuro billionsApr/241,144.41,163.4-1.6-2.8
Domestic credit to the rest of the domestic economy / German contribution to the Euro AreaEuro billionsApr/244,235.74,241.0-0.1+0.7
Assets vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/ German contribution to the Euro Area 9 Euro billionsApr/241,543.41,524.9+1.2+7.5
Liabilities vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/German contribution to the Euro Area 10 Euro billionsApr/24987.81,022.6-3.4-10.8
Central bank survey 7 (Monthly financial statement of the Deutsche Bundesbank)Deutsche BundesbankSDMX
Reserve money/ German contribution to the Euro Area 11 Euro billionsApr/241,515.91,529.1-0.9-8.2
Domestic credit to General government / German contribution to the Euro Area 12 Euro billionsApr/244.44.4±0.0±0.0
Domestic credit to the rest of the domestic economy / German contribution to the Euro Area 13 Euro billionsApr/2434.935.7-2.2-83.3
Assets vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/ German contribution to the Euro Area 14 Euro billionsApr/2492.392.9-0.6+0.6
Liabilities vis-à-vis non-euro area residents/German contribution to the Euro Area 10Euro billionsApr/2450.561.6-18.1-61.6
Other Financial Corporations SurveyDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Financial Soundness Indicators (FSIs)
Regulatory tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets (RWA)Deutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Regulatory tier 1 capital to assets
Nonperforming loans (NPLs) net of provisions to capital
Nonperforming loans to total gross loans
Return on assets
Liquid assets to short-term liabilities (or equivalent under the Basel Accords)
Residential real estate pricesDestatisSDMX
House price index2015=100Q4/23145.5148.5-2.0-7.1
Price index for purchases of new dwellings2015=100Q4/23143.6145.0-1.0-3.2
Price index for purchases of existing dwellings2015=100Q4/23145.9149.1-2.1-7.8
Debt SecuritiesDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Interest ratesDeutsche Bundes­bank-
Policy variable rates%, annual rateCurrent rates
- Main refinancing interest rate (Eurosystem)
- Deposit facility (Eurosystem)
- Marginal lending facility rate (Eurosystem)
Short-term treasury discount papers 15%, effective rate. . . . -
Long-term government bond yields %, annual rate. . . . -

Stock market: DAX 16 17

Deutsche Börse AG,
Frankfurt / Main
-
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of PaymentsDeutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
International Reserves and Foreign Currency LiquiditySDMX
Official reserve assets (total, Gross) 21Euro millionsApr/24324,404312,728+3.7+13.6Deutsche Bundes­bank
Foreign currency reservesEuro millionsApr/2434,00734,314-0.9-0.1
IMF reserves positionEuro millionsApr/248,5918,563+0.3-7.6
SDRs Euro millionsApr/2449,36849,281+0.2+3.6
GoldEuro millionsApr/24232,438220,571+5.419.4
Other reserve assetsEuro millionsApr/24. . . .
Reserves templateEuro millionsApr/24324,404312,728+3.7+13.6Deutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Merchandise trade
Total exports (f.o.b.)Euro
millions
Mar/24136,825133,937+2.2-8.3DestatisSDMX
Total imports (c.i.f.)Euro
millions
Mar/24112,925109,222+3.4-9.6Destatis
International Investment Position
Quarterly International Investment
Position (net) 22 23 r
Euro
millions
Q4/232,900,1162,754,571. . Deutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
External Debt
External Debt 24 rEuro
millions
Q4/236,109,2156,046,544. . Deutsche Bundes­bankSDMX
Coordinated Portfolio Investment SurveyDeutsche Bundes­bank
Participant in IMF CPIS
-
Coordinated Direct Investment SurveyDeutsche Bundes­bank
Participant in IMF CDIS
-
Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange ReservesDeutsche Bundes­bank
Participant in IMF COFER
-
Exchange ratesEuro foreign exchange reference rates -
POPULATION
Population 25 p1,000Q3/2384,60784,482+0.1+0.4DestatisSDMX