Development cooperation Public and private flows for development cooperation

In 2022, Official Development Assistance (ODA) and other official and private flows from the Federal Republic of Germany to developing countries amounted to euro 52.7 billion - before revision of the Deutsche Bundesbank (previous year: 58.5 billion - after revision of the Deutsche Bundesbank).

In line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Germany committed itself in 2015 to increasing its ODA ratio to 0.70% by 2030. In reference year 2022, Germany surpassed the target for the third time in a row - the ODA ratio was 0.85% (previous year: 0.76%).

Since 2018 the grant equivalent system is the standard for measuring ODA. While grants to developing countries are counted fully, only the grant element of loans (the "grant equivalent") is now recorded as ODA.

In absolute terms, ODA flows amounted to 33.9 billion euros in reference year 2022 (previous year: 28.1 billion euros), with bilateral development assistance accounting for 26.9 billion euros and multilateral development assistance for 7.0 billion euros.

The largest share of total ODA (13.7 billion euros or 40.5%) came from the budget of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. The Federal Foreign Office spent 4.9 billion euros (14.5%). The Länder funded a total of 1.84 billion euros (5.4%) of ODA in 2022, of which 1.78 billion euros were spent for tuition costs for students from developing countries.

In 2022, the ODA-eligible in-donor costs for refugees from developing countries amounted to 4.6 billion euros, which equates to a share of 13.5% of total ODA.

Within the scope of private development assistance, non-governmental organisations in Germany - for example Brot für die Welt (part of EWDE e. V.) or Ärzte ohne Grenzen e. V. - spent 1.7 billion euros in 2022, financed by own resources and donations.

The total of private direct investments in developing countries amounted to 21.7 billion euros (before revision of the Deutsche Bundesbank).

Further information and tables are available on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.