Income, living conditions, Risk of poverty Risk-of-poverty or social exclusion: The AROPE indicator and its three sub-indicators, by sex and age

Risk-of-poverty or social exclusion1 20232
The AROPE-indicator and its three sub-indicators, by sex and age

Sex and age

TotalViz.
At risk of poverty3Severely materially and socially deprived4 In a household with very low work intensity5
%

1: In the EU-SILC, people are at risk of poverty or social exclusion (AROPE) according to the EU definition if one or more of the follo­wing three criteria are met: "at risk of poverty", "severe material and social deprivation", "household with very low work intensity".
2: As of reference year 2020 there have been two types of results: first and final results. The actually presented results for 2023 are final results. The "Leben in Europa" survey (German name of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions - EU-SILC), which was conducted separately in the past, was integrated as a subsample into the micro­census in 2020. Comparing the results from 2020 with those of previous years is not possible (break in the time series) as the voluntary survey was changed over to a partly compulsory survey and the composi­tion of the sample was changed. For more infor­mation see the relevant special page.
3: The at-risk-of-poverty rate is a core indicator for measuring relative income poverty. It represents the share of people at risk of poverty in the entire population. According to the harmonised EU standard, the at-risk-of-poverty rate is defined as the share of people with a net equiva­lised income below 60% of the median net equiva­lised income of the population.
4: According to the EU definition for EU-SILC, a household experiences material and social deprivation if, on the basis of the household’s self-assessment, at least five of the 13 criteria are met. If seven of the 13 criteria are met, a household is consi­dered to be affected by severe material and social deprivation.
5: According to the EU definition for the EU-SILC, a household with very low work intensity (also known as "jobless household") refers to a household where the total actual labour parti­cipation (in months) of working-age household members (18-64 years) is less than 20% of the maximum potential labour parti­cipation during the previous year.
a: people agend 0 to 64 years.
– = No figures or magnitude zero.

Source: EU-SILC (Microcensus subsample of income and living conditions)

Population affected by poverty or social exclusion
Total21.314.46.99.9a
Female22.115.16.810.0
Male20.513.77.09.9
Under 18 years23.914.09.010.8
Female23.514.08.810.4
Male24.314.19.211.2
From 18 to under 65 years20.813.27.29.7
Female21.413.37.29.9
Male20.213.07.29.4
65 years and over20.618.44.4
Female22.820.64.5
Male17.915.74.4

As at 23 May 2024

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