Europe Turkey

Eurostat data: Turkey in comparison
IndicatorUnitYearTurkeyGermanyEU-27
Capital- 2024AnkaraBerlin-
Currency- 2024Turkish liraEuro-
Land areakm22023766,509353,2964,103,987
Economy and finance
Gross domestic product (GDP) at market pricesbn euros20228623,87715,905
Gross domestic product (GDP) at market pricesper inhabitant PPS202223,80641,34735,425
GDP growth rate%20225.51.83.4
Inflation rate%202354.06.06.4
General government deficit/surplus% of GDP2022- -2.5-3.3
General government gross debt% of GDP2022- 66.183.5
Demography
Population1,000202385,28084,359448,388
Population projections1,0002100- 83,202416,074
Total fertility ratechildren per woman2021- 1.581.53
Life expectancy at birth (female)years2022- - 83.4
Life expectancy at birth (male)years2022- - 78.0
Labour market
Employment rate (age 20 to 64)%2022- 80.774.6
Employment rate (age 55 to 64)%2022- 73.362.3
Unemployment rate (age 20 to 64)% of active population2022- 3.16.0
Unemployment rate (age 15 to 24)% of active population2022- 6.014.5
Education
Pupils per teacher (secondary level)number202112.712.111.1
Early leavers from education (aged 18-24)%2022- 12.29.6
Tertiary educational attainment, aged 30-34 (female)%2022- 40.648.2
Tertiary educational attainment, aged 30-34 (male)%2022- 38.137.4
Public expenditure for education% of GDP20204.05.15.0
Public expenditure for R&D% of GDP20221.33.12.2
Health
Hospital bedsper 100,000 inhabitants2021302.4776.0524.8
Deaths due to cancerper 100,000 inhabitants2020- 240.3242.2
Healthy life years, age 65 (female)expected years2021- 11.49.9
Healthy life years, age 65 (male)expected years2021- 10.29.5
Social issues, living conditions
People at risk of poverty or social exclusionpersons in mn2022- 17.395.3
At-risk-of-poverty rate% of population2022- 14.716.5
Overburding by housing cost% of population2022- 11.88.7
Inability to face unexpected financial expenses% of households2022- 33.531.5
Industry, trade and service
Industry% of GDP202229.524.020.6
Manufacturing: production index% change on previous year20231.4-0.9-1.6
Retail trade: turnover (deflated)% change on previous year202321.5-3.0-1.8
Building permits% change on previous year2022-4.1-7.12.0
Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
Agriculture, forestry and fisheries% of GDP20227.21.01.9
Area under organic farming% of UAA20210.99.7-
Roundwood production1,000 2022- 78,872509,286
Fishingtonnes2022- 161,845.
Foreign trade
Exportsmn euros2022- 1,593,285.42,572,130.6
Importsmn euros2022- 1,505,152.93,006,697.2
Foreign trade balancemn euros2022- 88,132.6-434,566.6
Transport
Air transport passengersmn2022- 155.3819.8
Passenger transport% passenger cars202174.088.886.3
Passenger transport% trains20212.76.56.0
Freight transport% railways2021- 19.017.0
Environment and energy
Greenhouse gas emissionstonnes of CO2 equivalent per capita2021- 9.47.9
Greenhouse gas emissionsIndex (1990=100)2021- 61.672.0
Energy dependency rate% in gross domestic consumption2022- 68.662.5
Renewable energy% share in gross final energy consumption2022- 20.823.0
Science and technology
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D% of GDP20221.33.12.2
Share of women researchers% of total researchers202137.229.433.7
Internet use% of persons (aged 16 to 74)202386.092.591.4
Broadband access% of households202192.088.890.2

. = Numerical value unknown of confidential.
- = No figures or magnitude zero.

Source: Eurostat

As at 15 February 2024

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Country Profile Türkiye from international data sources

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