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Brexit decision

In a referendum held on the 23rd June 2016, a slim majority of voters (51.9%) in the United Kingdom (UK) opted for the country to leave the European Union. On the 29th March 2017, the British Government formally started the process of leaving the EU in accordance with Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. The official exit date is the 29th March 2019. The current plan is that a transitional period will then follow until the end of 2020. As things stand, the United Kingdom is at present still one of the 28 EU Member States.

What are the effects of the Brexit decision and the impending Brexit?

It is not possible to quantify the specific effects of the Brexit on various indicators. There are however strong indications that – even before the official exit – the decision has had an impact on certain statistical indicators and will continue to do so.

In the following sections, we present a number of statistical indicators which are likely to be impacted to a certain extent by the Brexit decision and/or by Brexit itself. However, these indicators are of course influenced by a multitude of other factors. Accordingly, the question of causality is complex and not one that can be analysed in detail in this context.

Interactive charts relating to the Brexit decision

Various interactive charts are presented below in order to enable a comparison of the economic and social situation in the United Kingdom, Germany and the EU as a whole. Additional charts highlight the economic and social interaction between Germany and the United Kingdom. Below each chart information on the original source and a link to the original data set are provided.

Migration



Economy







Labour market



The labour cost survey is carried out every four years, most recently in 2016. As of 2012, Eurostat has published estimated values for the interim years.



Foreign trade


The last section features a selection of charts which illustrate how the EU will change due to Brexit. Eurostat has recently started publishing aggregate data for the European Union excluding the United Kingdom (UK) for some key indicators. For example, this means that the unemployment rate of the EU-28 as a whole can be contrasted with the unemployment rate of the EU-27 aggregate excluding the United Kingdom




EU-27 excluding the United Kingdom: Impact of the exit on the European Union

The last section features a selection of charts which illustrate how the EU will change due to Brexit. Eurostat has recently started publishing aggregate data for the European Union excluding the United Kingdom (UK) for some key indicators. For example, this means that the unemployment rate of the EU-28 as a whole can be contrasted with the unemployment rate of the EU-27 aggregate excluding the United Kingdom.






Overview of the data sources with links to the original data sets

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© Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2018

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