Europe Less electricity generated from nuclear energy in the EU

In the EU, the amount of electricity generated from nuclear power in 2022 was around 17% less than in 2021, with particularly significant decreases reported in Germany (-50%) and France (-22%).

Overall, electricity production based on nuclear power decreased in eight EU countries. By contrast, five EU states reported an increase in production in 2022. The largest decrease compared to the previous year was registered in the Netherlands (+9%) and Finland (+7%).

France by far the largest producer of nuclear generated electricity

48.4% of the nuclear generated electricity in the EU in 2022 came from France, making it by far the largest producer. Spain was second with a share of 9.6%, followed by Sweden (8.5%) and Belgium (7.2%). In total, 13 of the 27 EU Member States operate nuclear power plants. 14 EU states have no operational nuclear power plants, among them Italy, Poland, Austria and Denmark.

Germany's nuclear switch-off

In the wake of the serious accident at the Fukushima I nuclear power plant in Japan in March 2011, the German parliament decided to phase out nuclear power in Germany by the end of 2022. Several nuclear power plants have already been decommissioned, with the last three to be shut down by the end of 2022.

Data access

The data on EU-wide gross electricity generation from nuclear energy can be found in the Eurostat database further data on the energy mix in Germany can be accessed in the section Energy on the main Destatis website.