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Press release 104 / 2018-03-21: 12.7 billion euros for non-university research in 2016

In 2016, non-university research institutions spent approximately 12.7 billion euros on research and development in Germany. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was an increase of 1.9% on 2015. In the same period, the staff in these research and development institutions rose by 1.5% to 103,200 full-time equivalents. Academic staff accounted for 54,000 of the full-time equivalents. While women accounted for 40.5% of the total research and development staff, not more than just under of third of the academic staff were females (32.6% or 17,600).

More : 12.7 billion euros for non-university research in 2016 …

Press release 105 / 2018-03-21: 0.6% less start-ups of larger businesses in the year 2017

Start-ups of larger businesses

In the year 2017, roughly 125,400 businesses were started whose legal form and number of employees suggest that they have greater economic importance. Based on an evaluation of business notifications, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was a decrease of 0.6% compared with the year 2016.

More : 0.6% less start-ups of larger businesses in the year 2017 …

IN FOCUS / 2018-02-20

Wage and income tax statistics 2013:
49% of solidarity surcharge are paid by 10% of all payers

The draft coalition agreement between the CDU, CSU and SPD provides for a gradual phasing out of the solidarity surcharge. The surcharge was introduced in 1991 mainly to finance German unification.
Since 1998 the "Soli" (as it is nicknamed in Germany) has been levied at 5.5% of the income tax on all taxpayers whose annual income tax is more than 972 euros (assessed individuals) or more than 1.944 euros (jointly assessed married couples). From 2021, approximately 90% of all payers are to be fully relieved from paying the surcharge.
According to the 2013 wage and income tax statistics, the solidarity surcharge amounted to a total of roughly 12 billion euros. 90% of the just under 31 million surcharge payers accounted for just over half of that total (51%). The remaining 49% came from those taxpayers who paid the highest amounts of surcharge (10%).

An individually assessed surcharge payer had an average (median) taxable income of 25,964 euros in 2013. On average, that payer contributed 218 euros of solidarity surcharge. An average household of a jointly assessed married couple had a taxable income of 52,165 euros and paid 393 euros of solidarity surcharge (median values in each case).

In 2013, the top 10% of contributors were taxpayers who paid a surcharge of 729 euros or over (assessed individuals) or 1.458 euros (jointly assessed couples). These amounts represented annual taxable incomes of more than 51,057 euros or 102,114 euros, respectively.

Current WISTA edition: young people in the labour market

The transition of young people into the German labour market is obviously rather smooth - the youth unemployment rate in Germany is the lowest in the European Union. But how about the educational and labour force participation of young people in more concrete terms? How do they look for and find a job? Are they prepared to commute longer distances or move to another place to work?

In their article on Young People in the Labour Market published in issue 1/2018 of our WISTA scientific journal, Lisa Günther und Katharina Gawronski analyse the situation of the 15 to 34 year olds in the labour market.

The analysis shows that highly qualified young people frequently gain first work experience during the period of education and most often respond to job advertisements. Compared to people with lower levels of education, they are more likely or prepared to commute or move for work reasons.

Key figures

Population31.03.201782.6 mn
Persons in employment4th Quarter 201744.7 mn
Economic growth (GDP)4th Quarter 20170.6%
Inflation rate (CPI)February 20181.4%
Share in gross domestic product
Net lending20171.1%
Public debt201668.1%

Europe in figures

This photo shows the logo "Europe in figures"

Europe in figures features the wide range of data offered by the European statistical office (Eurostat) and enables comparisons between the EU Member States.

2017 Bundestag election

Logo: The Federal Returning Officer

The election to the 19th German Bundestag was held on 24 September 2017. Information on the election is provided on the website of the Federal Returning Officer.

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