IN FOCUS / 2017-03-16
Holders of dual citizenship: differences between microcensus and population census results
Against the background of recent developments in Turkey, politicians in Germany are currently debating the issue of dual citizenship again. The results of the microcensus show that roughly 1.8 million people with dual citizenship were living in Germany in 2015.
1.7 million people with dual citizenship were holders of both the German and another foreign citizenship, while 107,000 people had two foreign citizenships. Among the German people with dual citizenship those with a Turkish passport formed the largest group (246,000). They were followed by people from the Russian Federation (228,000) and Poland (220,000).
These results differ widely from the data obtained in the 2011 Census. According to the population census results, the number of people with dual citizenship was roughly 4.3 million on the Census reference day (9 May 2011). Approximately 690,000 people with German citizenship had an additional Polish passport, 570,000 a Russian passport and 530,000 a Turkish passport.
While there is a trend towards undercoverage of people with dual citizenship in the microcensus data, it can be assumed that the relevant number in the population census is too high. Please see the article on "Wie viele Menschen in Deutschland besitzen eine doppelte Staatsbürgerschaft?" for more information on the reasons for these differences.
IN FOCUS / 2017-03-15
Equal Pay Day: gender pay gap at 21%
On the occasion of the Equal Pay Day on 18 March, special attention is drawn to the principle of equal pay for women and men. In 2016, the average gross hourly earnings of women (16.26 euros) were roughly 21% lower than those of men (20.71 euros).
Nearly three quarters of this unadjusted gender pay gap were attributable to structural differences. The main reasons were differences in the branches of activity and the occupations of women and men as well as unevenly distributed leadership and qualification-related job requirements. In addition, more women than men work part-time or are marginally employed.
The adjusted gender pay gap, as it is called, does not include that part of the pay gap which can be attributed to structural differences. In 2014, the nationwide adjusted gender pay gap was 6% (unadjusted pay gap in 2014: 22%). This means that the hourly earnings of women with a similar qualification and activity were 6% lower than those of men.
For more detailed information on the gender pay gap please refer to the pages on Earnings and earnings differences.
Current WISTA edition: Agricultural statistics are the basis for European agricultural policy
One of the main fields of activity of the EU has always been a common agricultural policy. Roughly 40% of the European Union budget is used to support farmers and rural regions. In this context, Germany will have received roughly 6.2 billion euros of subsidies per year by 2020. To control and enhance agricultural production, up-to-date data are needed on what agricultural products are produced by whom, where and with what production methods.
In the 1/2017 edition of our WISTA scientific journal, Dr. Wolfgang Hauschild, Tim Weber and Hermann Seewald present "das statistische Berichtssystem der Agrarstatistiken in Deutschland". They show how the large number of individual statistics are coordinated in terms of time, region and contents and how they are controlled through the central register of agricultural holdings.