IN FOCUS / 2016-02-02
Police: staff reduction in the East, increase in some western non-city Länder
The incidents outside Cologne main station on New Year's Eve were one of the factors that have triggered a debate on internal security in Germany. It focuses on the police staff resources, among other things.
On 30 June 2014, a total of roughly 311,000 people worked in the police sector. 14% of them worked as police officers or administrative staff of the federal police forces and 86% for the police of the Länder. Just over 85% of the persons employed were public officials and just under 15% were employees.
To facilitate comparisons in terms of capacity utilisation, full-time equivalents are used in statistics. On 30 June 2014, the police had a total of 299,000 full-time equivalents (Federation: 14%; Länder: 86%). Between 2004 and 2014, decreases were recorded especially in the new Länder, while increases were observed in some western non-city Länder. Examining the full-time equivalents in relation to the number of inhabitants shows that in 2014 there were 53 full-time equivalents per 100,000 inhabitants at the federal police forces, an average 312 at the police in the non-city Länder, and an average 561 at the police in the city states. A glance at the individual Länder reveals that especially in the new Länder the figures are above the average of the non-city Länder.
IN FOCUS / 2016-01-11
Statistical data on refugees
On some aspects of the current debate in the media and in the political community regarding "refugees", "people seeking refuge", "asylum-seekers", "immigrants", "migrants" etc., data of the Federal Statistical Office can be used. Information on the number of asylum applications submitted and relevant decisions is available on the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.
Among the statistics of the Federal Statistical Office, the following are relevant, among others: the numbers of inhabitants of intercensal population updates, migration statistics and statistics of foreigners. People seeking refuge and asylum-seekers are included in those totals (for example, in a municipality's number of inhabitants). However, in many cases, people seeking refuge and asylum-seekers cannot be shown - or only approximately - as a separate group. Also, data for 2015 are not available yet for many areas.
On our special page on people seeking refuge, we have compiled for you an overview of the different sets of statistics, including brief explanations on the contents available.
Powerful cars are a limit to success in the area of environmental protection
In discussing the manipulations of emission values in the car industry, it is worthwhile to take a look at the ecological balance sheet of passenger cars used by households, too. Neither fuel consumption nor CO2 emissions of household passenger cars have decreased since 2010. One of the reasons for this trend is the fact that the number of powerful diesel-fuelled cars has markedly risen.
The number of diesel-fuelled cars grew by a good 48% to 10.5 million between 2005 and 2013. That growth was mainly attributable to the segment of passenger cars with an engine performance of more than 100 kW, which accounted for nearly half (48%) of all diesel-fuelled cars in 2013. In the year 2005, that share had only amounted to close to 19%.
Please refer to our new STATmagazin for detailed information on the trends in mileage, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of household passenger cars.