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Press release 222 / 2016-06-30: Retail turnover in May 2016: +2.6% in real terms on May 2015

According to provisional results of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), retail turnover in May 2016 in Germany increased in real terms 2.6% and in nominal terms 2.7% compared with the corresponding month of the previous year. The number of days open for sale was 24 in May 2016 and 23 in May 2015. 

More : Retail turnover in May 2016: +2.6% in real terms on May 2015 …

Press release 223 / 2016-06-30: May 2016: employment up 1.3% on a year earlier

Persons in employment at their place of residence in Germany

In May 2016, roughly 43.5 million persons resident in Germany were in employment according to provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Compared with the same month a year earlier, the number of persons in employment increased sharply by 563,000 or 1.3%. Roughly 1.8 million people were unemployed in May 2016, 109,000 fewer than a year earlier. 

More : May 2016: employment up 1.3% on a year earlier …

Press release 224 / 2016-06-30: Public service in 2016: 4.3% more pensioners at Länder level

On 1 January 2016, roughly 683,000 public service pensioners were counted at Länder level. Based on provisional figures from the statistics on public service pensioners, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the number of former public officials at Länder level was up by 4.3% from a year earlier.

More : Public service in 2016: 4.3% more pensioners at Länder level …

Press release 225 / 2016-06-30: 2015: more births, deaths and marriages

In 2015, the number of live births in Germany was 738,000. On the basis of provisional figures, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that this was an increase of 23,000 newborn children, or 3.2%, compared with 2014 (715,000). 

More : 2015: more births, deaths and marriages …

IN FOCUS / 2016-06-24

Brexit: United Kingdom is a major trading partner for Germany

On 23 June, the British people voted to leave the European Union in a referendum. Because of this decision, Britain's trade relations to the EU, among other things, have to be reorganised.

In 2015, the United Kingdom ranked fifth among Germany's most important trading partners: based on provisional results, goods to the total value of 127.6 billion euros were traded between the two countries. The United Kingdom was only outranked in importance by the United States, France, the Netherlands and the People's Republic of China.

On the whole, Germany exported goods worth 89.3 billion euros to the United Kingdom in 2015. The most important export goods were motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (29.1 billion euros) as well as machinery (8.8 billion euros). The imports from the United Kingdom amounted to roughly 38.3 billion euros. The most important import goods were motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (6.0 billion euros) and other transport equipment such as aircraft and spacecraft (4.4 billion euros).

More information on the United Kingdom can be found on Europe in figures.

IN FOCUS / 2016-06-06

UEFA EURO 2016: Comparing the competing countries on and off the pitch

The UEFA European men's football champion­ship will take place in France from 10 June to 10 July. 24 teams are competing for the trophy. Germany and Spain are the most successful teams in the history of the tournament with three titles each. This year's host France has won twice.

We have compiled a special UEFA EURO 2016 web­page with interesting facts about the competing nations. You can directly compare two participating countries with one another not only in terms of football and sport but also in relation to other aspects of the country's society and economy.

IN FOCUS / 2016-06-02

Minimum wage: interactive map shows regions that are particularly affected

There has been a statutory minimum wage of 8.50 euros in the whole of Germany since 1 January 2015. This amounts to monthly earnings of 1,473 euros for full-time employment. The Kaitz index shows the ratio of the minimum wage to the average gross monthly earnings for full-time employees. If it were 100% for a specific region, all employees there would earn the minimum wage. The higher the Kaitz index, the stronger is the potential impact of the minimum wage on the region.

For Germany, the Kaitz index was roughly 43% in 2014, that is, before the minimum wage was introduced. It was highest in the labour market region of Perleberg in Brandenburg (74%) and lowest in the regions of Frankfurt/Main, Munich and Wolfsburg (34% each). The difference is due to the fact that the average gross monthly earnings in the three regions (4,300 euros) were more than twice those in Perleberg (2,000 euros).

Our interactive map (only in german) shows which labour market regions in Germany are potentially most, or least, affected by the minimum wage.

Current WISTA edition: One million people receive basic security benefits

People whose income and assets do not suffice to cover their necessary living expenses have been entitled to a state allowance since 2003: basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity.

In 2015 the statistics was redesigned. First results show that the number of people receiving basic security benefits amounted to 1.04 million at the end of 2015 and had more than doubled since 2003.

For further results and methodological changes please refer to the paper New design of the statistics of recipients of basic security benefits in old age and in cases of reduced earning capacity by Dr. Klaus-Jürgen Duschek and Johannes Proksch in the 3/2016 edition of our scientific journal WISTA.

Key figures

Population30.09.201581.8 Mill.
Persons in employment1st Quarter 201643.1 Mill.
Economic growth (GDP)1st Quarter 20160.7%
Inflation rateMay 20160.1%
Share in gross domestic product
Net lending20150.7%
Public debt201571.2%

Europe in figures

This photo shows the logo "Europe in figures"

Europe in figures features the wide range of data offered by the European statistical office (Eurostat) and enables comparisons between the EU Member States.

IARIW registration

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You may register by 18 August 2016 for the 34th General Conference of IARIW in Dresden.

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