IN FOCUS / 2015-08-19
Number of immigrants increased by one million between 2011 and 2014
In 2014 roughly 10.9 million immigrants lived in Germany. This group includes all migrants who settled down in Germany in 1950 or later. Compared with 2011, their number increased by approximately one million (+11%).
In particular, the number of immigrants from the European Union rose markedly (+620,000 or +18%) between 2011 and 2014. Above all, significant increases were recorded in the number of migrants from Poland (+179,000 or +17%) and Romania (+109,000 or +29%), while the relevant percentage shares were largest for EU migrants from Bulgaria (+53,000 or +79%) and Hungary (+53,000 or 52%).
The main reason for migration indicated by people who immigrated in 1960 or later was family reunification (37%), followed by employment (18%). After the beginning of the financial crisis, however, marked changes were observed in the reasons for immigration. Employment was indicated as the major reason by people who immigrated in 2008 or later (28%). More than half of them (57%) had a job in Germany before their immigration.
IN FOCUS / 2015-08-17
Number of school beginners down 14% from school year 2004/2005
School started on 12 August in Nordrhein-Westfalen. In a few weeks the summer holidays will be over also in the other Länder. Hundreds of thousands of first graders will have had their first day at school by mid-September. According to provisional results, approximately 708,000 children started school in Germany in school year 2014/2015. This was an increase of nearly 3% on the preceding year (690,000 school beginners).
On account of the demographic change, the number of children starting school has fallen significantly in the past few years. In school year 2004/2005 there had still been 821,000 school beginners. In comparison, their numbers were down by 14% in 2014/2015.
The decline was particularly marked in the former territory of the Federal Republic where about 697,000 children started school in 2004/2005, compared with just under 574,000 (-18%) in 2014/2015. In the new Länder and Berlin the number of school beginners rose from 124,000 to 134,000 over the same period (+8%). This is due to the fact that their numbers had already been on a low level at the start of the new century as a consequence of the decline in the birth rate after German reunification.