IN FOCUS / 2015-03-04
International Women's Day: more mothers in employment
International Women's Day is celebrated on 8 March. For more than 100 years, this has been the day for women to demand equal opportunities - for example on the labour market. In Germany, employment of women in general, but also of mothers, has markedly increased in the last few years. For the latter, the work and family balance plays a major role in this context.
In 2013, roughly 61% of the mothers were in active employment, which was six percentage points more than in 1996 (55%). The question of whether mothers are in employment strongly depends on the children's age. In 2013, women with children under three years were least often in active employment (31%). Another factor is the family form. Only one in four lone mothers with children of this age (26%) worked, but 31% of the wives and 35% of the cohabiting partners with children.
Among all mothers in active employment, a total of over two thirds (70%) worked part-time in 2013 - in 1996 the rate had been 51%. In 2013, wives with children worked part-time especially often (75%). Compared with that, only 57% of the cohabiting partners with children and 58% of the lone mothers were in part-time employment.
IN FOCUS / 2015-02-25
High proportion of higher education graduates among immigrants
There is a political debate about whether a new immigration law is required for better control of immigration to Germany. Between 2009 and 2013, net immigration totalled just under 1.2 million people.
According to the microcensus 2013, the majority of immigrants had a high level of qualification. A total of roughly 85% of the 18 to 24 year olds had a school certificate and 5% were still in school education. The proportion of young immigrants who had obtained a school certificate qualifying them to enter higher education was especially high (55%). In the total population, roughly 86% of the 18 to 24 year olds had a school certificate and 10% were still at school. Again, most people of this age group had obtained a school certificate qualifying them to enter higher education (39%).
Examining the vocational qualification attained shows that an especially large number of immigrants were graduates. A total of roughly 40% of the 25 to 34 year olds had a higher education degree. However, there were also many unqualified workers among them. 29% of this age group did not have any vocational qualification. In the total population, the proportion of unqualified workers among the 25 to 34 year olds was markedly smaller (14%). However, the proportion of higher education graduates was smaller, too (22%).